The Odd Fellows

The Odd Fellows is a secret society formed in 1819 in the United States.

I have a book coming out on December 16, 2013. It's called The Odd Fellows.

My book was released on December 16, 2013. It’s called The Odd Fellows.

This is the cover for my book.

This is the cover of my book direct from the publisher. MY BOOK IS NOW AVAILABLE. Go to http://www.boldstrokesbooks.com/Author-Guillermo-Luna.html or AMAZON.COM to order it.

My books showed up. This photo was taken moments after I opened the box. I'm very happy.

My books showed up. This photo was taken moments after I opened the box. I’m very happy.

This is the All Seeing Eye. It's God's Eye.

This is the All Seeing Eye. It’s God’s Eye. When I submitted my book to my publisher I used this image with chapter 1: The Dead Body.

This is the hand with heart. The basic idea behind the hand with heart is that whenever an Odd Fellow extends his hand -- the greeting comes from his heart.

This is the hand with heart. The basic idea behind the hand with heart is that whenever an Odd Fellow extends his hand — the greeting comes from his heart; an Odd Fellow doesn’t shake your hand while thinking about how he’ll stab you in the back. I used this image with chapter 2: Mexico.

This symbol is the Bundle of Rods. It symbolizes that a group bound together is stronger than one rod alone. I used this image for Chapter 3: The Road to San Felipe.

This symbol is the Bundle of Rods. It symbolizes that a group bound together is stronger than one rod alone. I used this image for Chapter 3: The Road to San Felipe.

These are the three links. The three links symbolize Friendship, Love and Truth.

These are the three links. The three links symbolize Friendship, Love and Truth. I used this image with Chapter 4: The Three Links.

The Moon and the Seven Stars. The seven stars are to remind us of the seven pillars in the house of wisdom and warn us not to wander starless in the night of destitution.

The Moon and the Seven Stars. The seven stars remind us of the seven pillars in the house of wisdom and warn us not to wander starless in the night of destitution. I used this image for Chapter 6: The Disappearance.

This is the Skull and Crossed Bones. This symbol reminds us that we are not only part of the earthly world but that we must the remains of brothers to their graves. I used this image for Chapter 7: The Crucifixion.

This is the Skull and Crossed Bones. We are all part of the earthly world and must bury the remains of our brothers. I used this image for Chapter 7: The Crucifixion.

It's the coffin. This symbol is used to remind us that we all have a date with this last great event we just don't know when. I used this symbol for Chapter 8: Bury the Dead.

It’s the coffin. It symbolizes that we all have a date with death — we just don’t know when. I used this symbol for Chapter 8: Bury the Dead.

This is the hourglass and scythe. The scythe is a reminder that just as hay is cut down by the scythe -- also man is cut down by time. The hourglass reminds us of how time quickly goes forward. I used this symbol for Chapter 8: Bury the Dead.

This is the hourglass and scythe. The scythe reminds us that just as hay is cut down by the scythe — likewise man is cut down by time.
The hourglass reminds us that time moves quickly. I used this symbol for Chapter 9: Man’s Best Friend.

The Shaking Hands of Friendship. I used this symbol for Chapter 11: Three Days Later.

The Shaking Hands of Friendship. I used this symbol for Chapter 11: Three Days Later.

My book is NOW AVAILABLE from my publisher. It can be ordered through the link below:

http://www.boldstrokesbooks.com/Author-Guillermo-Luna.html

You can also browse by GBT author. Click on that tab and then look for GUILLERMO LUNA. Click on my picture and go from there.

It’s also available through Amazon.com.

Published in: on January 26, 2013 at 11:33 pm  Leave a Comment  

Richfield Oil Building

One of the greatest art deco buildings ever to grace Los Angeles was torn down over a two year period from 1968-1969. It was the Richfield Oil Building. It was built in 1928-29 by the firm Morgan, Walls & Clements. They’re a Los Angeles firm that surprisingly have yet to have a book written about them. The Richfield Oil Building was torn down and replaced by ARCO plaza which contains two international style skyscrapers that pale in comparison. I’ve been able to locate four articles on the Richfield building and included information from three.

One of the articles was in The Architect and Engineer.

This article in the May 1930 issue was the second mention of the Richfield Building in Architect and Engineer.

Here's the table of contents.

Here’s the table of contents.

Some information, from this issue, on the architects.

Some detailed information about the architects.

I created this chart to make the column more understandable.

I created this chart to make the preceeding column more understandable.

Morgan and Walls from the book Our Architecture.

Morgan and Walls from the book Our Architecture.

Here's a great image of the building.

Here’s a great image of the building’s entrance. Walking through that portal must have made men feel like kings and ladies like queens.

This is on the back of the color photo.

This is on the back of the color photo.

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It's not a long article but there is some background on the firm.

The June 1930 issue of Architectural Record had an article on the Richfield Building. It’s not a long article but there is some information regarding the building.

An establishing shot but from a different angle.

A nice establishing shot.

AR Richfield page 3

ARCHITECTURAL RECORD RICHFIELD OIL BUILDING SECOND ATTEMPT

I find these statues to be odd for some reason.

I find these statues to be odd for some reason.

ARCHITECTURAL RECORD RICHFIELD OIL BUILD SECOND ATTEMPT FLOOR PLAN

There is a book that was written about this building and it is the final say on it. It's called The Richfield Building, 1928-1968 by David Gebhard. This is the cover. It was produced and published by Atlantic Richfield right before they demolished the building.

There is a book that was written about this building and it is the final say on it. It’s called The Richfield Building, 1928-1968 by David Gebhard. This is the cover.

The Richfield Building was produced and published by Atlantic Richfield right after they demolished the building. It’s only 28 pages but it has lots of photos and floor plans! I have a copy of it but I searched online to see if it was readily available. I wasn’t able to find a copy on Amazon but I did find one on Abebooks for $73.00.

Gebhard is a prolific writer and has more than 40 books to his credit. He states that the Richfield Building is zigzag in style yet that’s not how I would assess it. Gebhard claims that Los Angeles City Hall (John C. Austin, Albert C. Martin and John Parkinson, 1928), Bullock’s Wilshire (Parkinson & Parkinson, 1929), and the Richfield Oil Building (Morgan, Walls & Clements, 1930) are all zigzag. I disagree. Bullock’s Wilshire is certainly zigzag if the definition of zigzag is “a line or course having abrupt alternate right and left turns.” Los Angeles City Hall is more of an elongated version of art moderne. The Richfield has a modern, art deco, vertical exterior that is complimented by sculpture and a zigzag interior. It’s a square office building that goes straight up and is topped off by a slender, upward protrusion that uses an antenna as a beacon. Sure, it has those “V” up at the top (see the book’s cover and at various other places) but they’re really fourth to the black and gold color, the vertical, upward thrust and the ornamental sculpture and ornament.

Gebhard accurately compares the Richfield Building to Raymond Hood’s American Radiator Building in New York City. That seems right. He claims it’s not just because they are vertical buildings that are similarly clad in black and gold but because both face (or faced) parks so they could be seen from not only a distance but also close up via the sidewalk.

He also endorses Esther McCoy’s theory that the Richfield Building is a combination of both high art and low art. The high art being the newness of the design; art deco was only five years old in 1930. (The Paris Exposition des Arts Decoratifs took place in 1925.) The low art aspect was sticking a large, neon sign on top of the building to sell a product: Richfield Oil.

Gebhard writes that the reason Morgan, Walls and Morgan accepted Clements into their firm was because they felt their architectural style was too tied to the past and they needed someone with a new outlook on design.

Two examples of the kind of work they did before Clements joined the firm are: The I.N. Van Nuys Building (1912) and The Farmers Merchants Bank (1904). Clements who was a graduate of Drexel and M.I.T. went off to the Beaux Arts Academy in Paris for a year after graduation. The two Morgans and Walls were probably impressed with his resume. They made a good choice when they selected him.

From Gebhard's book.

From Gebhard’s book. Haig Patigian was the sculptor.

Haig Patigian seems to have been somewhat well known in his time but he wasn’t easy to find information about. He was Armenian, born in 1876, self trained and twice president of the Bohemian Club in San Francisco. His sculpture was seen at the Panama Pacific exhibition and he modeled figures for that exhibition’s Palace of Machinery Hall. He also designed the figures in the pediment of the Metropolitan Life Insurance Building in San Francisco and was a member of the National Sculptor Society. This is all according to a 1923 article in Overland Monthly and a book from 1929 called Sculpture of To-Day.

Haig Patigian. I found this photo online. It's from the Library of Congress.

Haig Patigian. I found this photo online. It’s from the Library of Congress.

In 2010 there was an article in the Los Angeles Times that I clipped out and put in one of my scrapbooks. The article was written by Bob Pool and it was entitled, Historian Watching Over an Old LA Angel. The article was about a guy named Eric Lynxwiler. Lynxwiler obtained one of the cement angels that crowned the Richfield Building from a man who bought it over 40 years before. Evidently, when the building was demolished the angels were removed and sold for $100. Two of the angels were decapitated during the removal process and some lost their wings. Lynxwiler does not know if any others exist. He bought his angel from a man who was using it as a lawn ornament. Here is a link to that article:

http://articles.latimes.com/2010/dec/29/local/la-me-richfield-angel-20101229

In 2005 a pair of Richfield Angels sold for $20,000.00.

http://www.icollector.com/Haig-Patigian-Pair-of-Richfield-Archangels_i5351724

What replaced the Richfield Building? ARCO Plaza which contains two international style towers. They are the work of Albert C. Martin and Associates.

Albert C. Martin and Ascoiaties.

Albert C. Martin and Associates. From left to right: Albert C. Martin, Jr., Albert C. Martin, Sr., J. Edward Martin. (photo courtesy L.A. Architect)

I don’t know if they are still owned by Atlantic Richfield but below are some images.

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It’s hard to get a good picture from the street because you can’t back up enough to get the entire structure in the frame.

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The south tower with the north tower reflected onto it.

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View from the LA public library’s small park which is located across the street. There is a pedestrian plaza between the two ARCO buildings with tables and chairs and if I didn’t hold such a grudge against these buildings I would probably find it an inviting space.

At the very back of the plaza and behind the buildings are there two elevator doors. There is no plaque nearby to explain what they are. I wouldn't even have known they existed if a friend of mine, 20 years ago, took me to see them.

At the very back of the plaza and behind the buildings are these two elevator doors. There is no plaque nearby to explain what they are. I wouldn’t even have known they were there if my friend Mark hadn’t taken me to see them 20 years ago.

That's Zigzag.

That’s Zigzag.

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There’s a publication called California Arts and Architecture which promoted the Case Study House program in the 1940s. In that publication there’s an article from 1930 regarding the Richfield Building by Harris Allen. Unfortunately, the article is rather esoteric. It’s not didactic but it’s headed in that direction.

The writer does make one interesting point that is a result of actually seeing the building. Allen is describing the terra cotta when he states, “But they are not really black. The building in New York which first displayed a color scheme of black and gold, was faced with a dull black brick, and the gold was contained to the top of the tower. It is certainly less theatrical, more integral to weave the colors together in a more structural way and the black is more of a gun-metal shade, in some lights bluish or purplish gray.”

Allen also states when describing the color scheme that “Gold is one of our most durable materials; vanishing value of stocks to the contrary notwithstanding.” When I read that I re-examined the date of the article which was February 1930 a mere four months after the stock market crash. Now, I don’t know exactly what he meant by that sentence because it seems like a double negative but I suspect what he meant was: Gold > stocks.

Finally, he points out something that completely escaped me in regards to this building. Allen says the reason the colors are black and gold is because oil is often referred to as black gold. Oil = black gold hence the colors.

There were three photographs that I hadn’t seen before. Those three photos follow.

It is a good depiction of the size and mass of the building.

It is a good depiction of the size and mass of the building.

This is one of the few interior shots I've ever seen.

This is one of the few interior shots I’ve ever seen that wasn’t of the elevator doors or the lobby.

There just wonderful statues. There is something funerial about them.

They’re just wonderful statues. There’s something funerial about them. (Note: funerial isn’t a real word but a friend of mine uses it.)

I drove up to San Barbara a month after I posted this post because someone told me there would be something of interest, to me, on the UCSB campus.

If you go to find them. There on the grounds of the student health building. It's on the left side of the map and it's circled.

If you go in search of them. They’re on the lawn of the student health building. It’s on the left side of the map (8D) and it’s circled.

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Navigation.

Navigation.

Look how they're made.

Look how they’re made.

They've seen better days but they've survived.

She’s Aviation. They’ve seen better days but they’ve survived.

Industry. He's my favorite, of course.

Industry. He’s my favorite, of course.

This is not the best presentation. They should be displayed the way they were on the building but it the way they are placed did afford me the opportunity to see these mold numbers.

This is not the best presentation. They should be displayed the way they were on the building but this placement afforded me the opportunity to see these mold numbers. There is a fourth figure. What happened to it? I’ll have to find out.

The Richfield Building in some advertisements.

The building in an advertisement.

arts and architecture ad 3

The 1960s were a terrible time for great buildings. In that decade alone the Richfield Building was demolished along with Pennsylvania Station in New York City, The Imperial Hotel in Tokyo, the Fox movie theater in San Francisco, both the Roxy theater and Astor Hotel in New York and practically all of downtown Minneapolis. If these buildings had held on for another ten or fifteen years they would have survived that precarious decade and probably would still be with us today. I blame it all on urban renewal. Urban renewal was the scourge of the 20th century.

In Gebhard’s book he has a short paragraph near the end where he doesn’t even mourn the building’s passing. He simply states more office space was needed so the building was brought down. Since the book was published by Atlantic Richfield I suspect he couldn’t say much more but what I say is oh, how glorious it would be for today’s Angelinos, in 2016, to be able to walk through the Richfield Oil Building’s entrance portal and marvel at the architectural know-how of Morgan, Walls & Clements.

—————————————————————————————

ACMA the work of Albert C. Martin & associates. (1979, November). L.A. Architect, 5(10), 5.

Allen, H. (1930, February). Terra cotta versus terra firma. California Arts & Architecture, 37(2), inside front cover, 3, 32-39, 72, 75.

Details of Richfield oil building, Los Angeles. (1930, May). The Architect and Engineer, 101(2), 27, 33-34, 62-64.

Gebhard, D. (1970). The Richfield building, 1928-1968. Los Angeles: Atlantic Richfield Co.

LeBerthon, J. (1904). Our architecture: Morgan & Walls, John Parkinson, Hunt & Eager; Los Angeles, CA, 1904. Los Angeles: J. L. LeBerthon.

Parkes, K. (1921). Sculpture of to-day. London: Chapman and Hall Ltd.

Pratt, H. N. (1923, August). Haig Patigian: California’s noted sculptor. Overland Monthly and Out West Magazine, 81(4), 11.

Richfield building Los Angeles. (1930, June). The Architectural Record, 67(6), 505-510.

Zigzag. (2016) definition accessed on 4/16/2016 from, https://www.google.com/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#q=zigzag

Me, on the beach, in Santa Barbara. My book, The Odd Fellows, was released on December 16, 2013.

Me, on the beach, in Santa Barbara. My book, The Odd Fellows, was released on December 16, 2013.

 

Museum of Neon Art

While listening to NPR or KPCC I heard about a neon museum over in Glendale (CA). I vaguely remember going to a neon museum with my friend Bob about twenty years ago but that museum was in downtown Los Angeles.

It's a great building and it's across the street from the Americana on Brand. The Americana is where they film the celebrity show EXTRA often.

Here’s the Glendale museum. It’s a new building across the street from the Americana on Brand. (The Americana in an outdoor mall.) They often film the celebrity related show EXTRA at the Americana. Note: There is an $8 admission fee to MONA if you aren’t a Glendale resident.

When you walk in there is definitely an emphasis on neon clocks.

When you walk into the museum there is a wall of neon clocks.

This big one is five feet across.

This big one, on an opposite wall, is five feet across. That’s what the lady at the counter said.

They sold neon clocks too. This table model had a price tag of $2,000.

They sell neon clocks too. This table model had a price tag of $2,000!

On the way to the exhibit was this on-site repair shop.

On the way to the exhibit was an on-site repair shop.

This was the exhibit that was being held when I went.

This was the exhibit being held when I went.

The cat is great. I can't tell if that's a bathtub or outdoor grill under the fish.

The cat is great. I can’t tell if that’s a bathtub or outdoor grill under the fish.

This, I really thought was beautiful.

This was beautiful.

It was called...

It was called Just another day in pair a dice. (huh?)

This face was odd.

This face was odd.

Not quite sure what this was supposed to be.

Not quite sure what this was supposed to be.

This I know.

These I’m able to relate to. It’s a camera and a race horse with a jockey.

These two items are beautiful together.

They look great together.

Called the Museum of Sex. This item was near the end of the exhibit. When patrons crank that wheel on the right side the steel rod moves up toward those metal orbs.

Called the Museum of Sex. This item was near the end of the exhibit. If a patron cranked the wheel on the right the steel rod (that’s covering the letters “S” and “E”) moved toward the two metal orbs.

It worked and moved too.

The windmills’ arms twirled too.

Outside of the windmill the frog was my favorite item.

Outside of the windmill the frog was my favorite item.

Outside the museum was this plumbing sign in an adjacent park.

In an adjacent park was this plumbing sign.

At night.

The sign at night.

Sylmar

For years Huell Howser was on the local PBS television station. Originally, he had a show called Videolog followed by a show called Visiting and finally a show called California’s Gold.

That's Huell. That's how I remember him. Everybody in the state of California must know who he is.

That’s Huell. Everybody in the state of California probably knows who he is and, I suspect, everyone in the state of California misses him. I never met him but I feel like I know him. R.I.P. Huell. (1945-2013).

Anyway, Huell would travel around California to different sites and basically ask people to show him around while he asked questions and then he acted flabbergasted or amazed at what he was seeing or hearing. He never seemed fake. He always seemed honestly interested. One of the sites Huell visited was the Nethercutt Museum in Sylmar. The only reason I know about this place is because of Huell’s show. The Nethercutt is out in Sylmar in two rather inconspicuous buildings.

This is the first building. It looks like a storage facility.

This is the first building. It looks like a storage facility.

The doors are rather nice though. They're bronze.

The doors are rather nice though. They’re bronze.

There are way too many to include but here are a few that I liked.

There are automobiles on the ground floor and on the first floor. This 1903 Peerless and the Orange Lincoln that follow were on the ground floor. (In the basement.)

The Peerless looks like something out of Oklahoma with that fringe on the top.

The Peerless looks like something out of OKLAHOMA! with that fringe on the top.

That is one cool car. The interior was orange too.

This orange Lincoln is really cool.

The 1979 Lincoln. The interior was orange too.

The interior was orange too. I would feel like a pimp driving it. If I owned it I would buy an orange hat with fur trim and wear it whenever I went for a ride.

It's supposed to resemble a car showroom from the 1920s.

This is the main floor. It’s supposed to resemble a car showroom from the 1920s.

Main floor. It's supposed to resemble an automobile showroom from the 1920s.

The main floor’s ceiling.

There were a number of great cars here but I often am drawn to the movie related ones.

There were so many great cars but I’m drawn to the movie related ones. C.B. (That’s what Norma Desmond called him) was in Sunset Boulevard.

Demille's car.

Demille’s car.

C.B.'s radiator cap.

Demille’s radiator cap.

Once again, in Sunset Boulevard, Gloria Swanson says she has an

Once again, in Sunset Boulevard, Gloria Swanson says she owns an Isotta-Fraschini.

Look at that grill. It would be near impossible to keep clean.

1928 Isotta-Fraschini. Look at that grill. It would be near impossible to keep clean.

Fatty is one of my favorites from the Silent era because of his scandal.

Fatty is one of my favorites from the silent film era because of his big sex scandal.

Fatty's car.

Fatty’s car.

Fatty's radiator cap. It looks like a chubby Atlas.

Fatty’s radiator cap. It looks like a chubby Atlas.

This is what I actually came to see. It's on the second floor of the building and it was made for the 1915 World's fair.

This is what I actually came to see. It’s the reason I drove all the way out to Sylmar. This figural group is on the second floor of the building and it was made for the P.P.I.E. in 1915.

I think it's really neat.

I think it’s really neat and it’s world’s fair related.

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This second floor was filled with items like this. It's one of those Llardo's.

This second floor was filled with a variety of items like this. It’s one of those Lladro’s.

On the 3rd floor they had a lot of big musical instruments like this organ.

On the 3rd floor they had a lot of big musical instruments like this old, movie theater, pipe organ.

Curtains that frame the room were lifted and these pipes were revealed and then the concert started. There were lots of songs that I don't remember but the finale was the theme from Star Wars.

These pipes were revealed when the curtains that circled the room parted. At which point, the concert began and the organ started churning out songs from its electronic memory. I don’t remember a lot of the songs (my memory isn’t as good as the organs) but the finale was the theme from Star Wars. That stuck in my head because, well, it’s the theme from Star Wars.

This guy, Kyle, oversaw this part of the tour. He reminded me of myself but I'm a bit more masculine.

This guy, Kyle, oversaw this part of the tour. He reminded me of myself but he may have been a bit more masculine than me if that’s possible.

There were other instruments on the 3rd floor. I think he said this was a Concertina. It's a whole orchestra in a box.

There were other big instruments on the 3rd floor. I think Kyle said this was an Orchestrion. It’s a whole orchestra in a box.

She's kind of cool but she doesn't move when the orchestra plays.

She’s cool but she doesn’t move or dance when the Orchestrion plays.

There were also watches and other gizmos on the 3rd floor.

There were also watches and other doodads on the 3rd floor…

...for example an old record player and Nipper.

…for example, an old record player and Nipper.

A big dinning room was on this floor too. The Nethercutts used it for entertaining. Their home was in Brentwood but they brought people here for dinner. This seemed odd to me but I guess this way they didn't have a bunch of people trapsing through their home and there is certainly a lot to look at here.

There was a dinning room too. The Nethercutts used it for entertaining. Their home was in Brentwood but they brought people here for dinner. That seemed odd, to me, but I guess this way they didn’t have people traipsing through their home.

This is the other building.

This is the other building.

In it, there were more cars.

In it, there were more cars.

That's real pretty.

That’s real pretty.

This is right near the entrance.

This is right near the entrance.

It looks like it is from outer space.

It looks like it is from outer space.

I

I like this car because of its compactness.

I like this car because of its compactness. I can see myself driving it.

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That's a strange looking car.

That’s a strange looking car.

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This 1937 Pierce-Arrow was pulling...

This 1937 Pierce-Arrow was pulling…

...this Pierce-Arrow Travelodge. It was super cool.

…this Pierce-Arrow Travelodge. It was super cool.

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This is the view walking through the front door.

The view if you're standing in the kitchen and looking toward the front of the travelodge.

The view if you’re standing in the kitchen and looking toward the front of the travelodge.

The view looking to the back of the Travelodge.

…looking to the back of the Travelodge.

The view if you're sitting at the kitchen table.

… if you’re sitting at the kitchen table.

The view from the other kitchen seat.

…view from the other kitchen table seat.

The view from one of the kitchen windows.

Looking out one of the kitchen windows.

Background on the Travelodge.

Background on the Travelodge.

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This is the second reason I drove out to Sylmar. I wanted to see this train car.

This is the second reason I drove out to Sylmar. I wanted to see this train car: the California.

The train car was owned by this woman. Evidently, her father made money in mining and real estate, hung on for a long time, finally died and left his daughter a large fortune. One of the things she did with the money was to purchase a private rail car for herself.

The train car was owned by this woman. Evidently, her father made money in mining and real estate, lived a very long time, finally died and left his daughter a large fortune. One of the things she did with the money was to purchase this private rail car for herself.

You enter the car through the rear door.

You enter the car through the rear door.

The sitting area was set up with a dinning table and this is what you see when you enter the car.

The parlor area was set up with a dinning table and this is what you see when you enter.

This is opposite the dinning table.

This is opposite the dinning table.

There are stained glass windows throughout the car.

There are stained glass windows throughout the car.

Like most of the items in the car the lighting fixtures are original.

Like most of the items in the car the lighting fixtures are original.

Clara's car sleeps two. This is one bed.

Clara’s bedroom slept two. This is one bed.

...and here's the other.

…and here’s the other.

This is Clara's bathroom. You can see the wood lid to the toliet at the bottom left.

This is Clara’s bathroom. You can see the toilet’s wood lid at the bottom left.

This is another sleeping compartment. Here is one side.

This is the 2nd sleeping compartment. Here is one side.

...and here is the other side.

…and here is the other side of this compartment.

Looking down the long narrow corridor.

Looking down the long narrow corridor of the car.

The 3rd sleeping compartment. This is one side of the room...

The 3rd sleeping compartment. This is one side of the room…

This is the other side of the room in the 3rd sleeping compartment.

…and this is the other side of the room.

There was a kitchen on board too with a black cast iron stove to the left of the sink.

There is a kitchen on board with a black cast iron stove to the left of the sink.

This is where the servants slept. There were three men (porters) who accompanied Clara and her guests.

This is where the servants slept. There were three men (porters) who accompanied Clara and her guests. The seats fold down to form a bed.

This is the engine and coal car that the museum possesses.

This is the engine and coal car that the museum has hitched up to the California.

You see this right before you enter the engine room.

You see this right before you enter the engine room.

I like the color.

I like the color.

The kind of engine it is.

The kind of engine it is.

Looking out the engine's windows.

Looking out the engine’s windows.

A couple of final things…

There is a large collection of radiator caps in both buildings.

There are large collections of radiator caps in both buildings.

Uh, I like Egyptian stuff but I'm not sure about this.

Uh, I like Egyptian stuff but I’m not sure about this. I don’t know if I would want that on the front of my truck.

I like this better.

I like this better.

I like him.

He’s great.

I don't know how these things didn't get broken. Nowadays, they would be stolen the first time the car was left on the street.

How did these things NOT get broken? Nowadays, they would be stolen the first time the car was left on the street. Am I too pessimistic?

Isn't there a name for lions with wings? There must be.

Isn’t there a name for lions with wings? There must be.

This is my favorite one. I've always had a thing for Felix the Cat.

This is my favorite one. I’ve always had a thing for Felix the Cat. I would want to attach him to that Orange Lincoln. I can see myself tooling around in that vehicle with Felix attached to the hood. I would be the envy of every Latino man who saw me.

Here’s Huell singing California, Here I Come at the Musician’s Institute in Hollywood. He was originally from the south. That’s why he has that twang in his voice.

 

Published in: on January 24, 2016 at 7:49 pm  Leave a Comment  
Tags: , , ,

California Theaters

I’ve always liked old movie theaters and I look for stories and articles about old movie theaters in architectural journals.

I found some more theater images in this. It's Architectural Digest.

I found some theater images in this publication. It’s Architectural Digest.

tower theater title page

1928

tower theater 1

tower theater interior

tower theater interior two

Here's the Tower Theater in 2015.

Here’s the Tower Theater in 2015.

From another angle.

From another angle.

It's lost its tower cap.

The tower has lost its cap.

With my shake-y arm this is the best photo I could get of this decorative urn.

With my shake-y arm this is the best photo I could get of this decorative urn.

The woman (an actress?) is looking into a mirror and the man (the director?) has a megaphone. They're both naked.

The woman (an actress?) is looking into a mirror and the man (the director?) has a megaphone. They’re both naked. Hmmm.

Here's the Tower Theater in an advertisement.

Here’s the Tower Theater in an advertisement.

mayan theater one

The Mayan.

mayan theater two

mayan theater three

mayan theater five

The theater is still there an largely intact.

The Mayan Theater is still standing.

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How did that original marquee survive all these years? I’m glad it did.

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This vertical sign wasn’t original to the building but I like it. It looks like its from the 1940s.

Under the marquee it's not painted. Interior photos can most likely be found online. It's a dance club now. The seats were removed an the floor was leveled. I remember going into this theater years ago when it was a XXX theater. The interior was completely intact.

Under the marquee it’s not painted. It’s a dance club now. The seats were removed and the floor was leveled. I remember going into this theater years ago when it was a XXX movie theater. The interior was completely intact. The movie was, uh, okay.

I found the Hollywood Egyptian in Architect and Engineer.

I found the Hollywood Egyptian in Architect and Engineer.

architect and engineer contents page

architect and engineer egyptian three

architect and engineer egyption four

architect and engineer egyptian five

Eygptian floor plan

architect and engineer page 80

architect and engineer page 81

architect and engineer page 82

architect and engineer page 83

architect and engineer page 84

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I saw Singing in the Rain here, on Christmas day, back in the 90s. I went with my friend Mark.

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I found this photograph online but it didn't specify where the photograph came from or who took the photo. Since Doug is my favorite I had to include it.

I found this photograph online but where I found it — didn’t specify who took the photo. It had to be a major Hollywood photographer. Since Doug is my favorite silent film star I’m including it.

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He’s the guy that’s sculpted, in stone, near the front entrance of the Million Dollar Theater.

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The American Cinematheque programs the Egyptian Theater now. They show all kinds of films: classic films, art films, documentaries.

This photo is from Charles Beardsley's book on Grauman. I'm only including because of the train tracks in front of the theater and all brick-a-brack in the courtyard.

This photo is from Charles Beardsley’s book on Grauman. I’m only including it because of the train tracks in front of the theater and all bric-a-brac in the courtyard.

I found some more images of the Egyptian in American Architect. Some of the images are the same as those in Architect and Engineer while others are completely different. I’m including them.

Egyptian theater american architect page two

Egyptian theater american architect page three

Egyptian theater american architect page five

Egyptian theater american architect page six

Egyptian theater american architect page seven

Egyptian theater american architect page nine

I found this “photo” article on Recent California Theaters in an issue of Pacific Coast Architect. It’s from July 1927. The photographs are great.

PCA Cover

PCA table of contents

recent california theaters 1

recent california theaters 2

That’s a beautiful theater. I don’t know if it still exists or not.

recent california theaters 3

recent california theaters 5

recent california theaters 6

My friend Keith sent me this web address with information about the Alhambra.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alhambra_Theatre_(San_Francisco)

recent califronia theaters 7

That’s an interior shot of the Castro in San Francisco.

Here's an exterior shot.

Here’s an exterior shot.

The only photos of the Castro I have I took when I went up to San Francisco for a book reading.

The only photos of the Castro I have I took when I went up to San Francisco for a book reading.

I'm not the best picture taker. I should have gotten the whole poster case. Alas, I didn't.

I’m not the best picture taker. I should have gotten the whole poster case but I didn’t.

My friend Bob got more of the front.

My best friend Bob got more of the facade.

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b

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d

e

The El Capitan. Notice the marquee.

This is a fantastic marquee and I hate to say it but it has to be an improvement on the original.

This is a fantastic marquee and I hate to say it but it has to be an improvement over the original.

Another view.

Another view.

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From the westside of the building. Jimmy Kimmel films his show in the old Masonic Temple next door.

From the westside of the building. Jimmy Kimmel tapes his show in the old Masonic Temple next door.

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This isn’t on the building in the Pacific Coast Architect photos but it’s a nice addition to the theater.

At night.

At night.

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The El Capitan is owned by Disney now. It has a stage show along with the feature film and it's well worth the price of admission. I remember seeing The Rocketeer here years ago.

The El Capitan is owned by Disney now. It has a stage show along with the feature film and it’s well worth the price of admission. I remember seeing The Rocketeer here years ago.

The ornate ceiling.

The ornate ceiling above the ticket booth.

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The El Capitan is in the heart of Hollywood.

I found some interior photos of the El Capitan in an issue of Architect and Engineer.

el capitan from arch and engin

el capitan woman's lounge

Look at those cars! …I want my living room to look like the woman’s lounge.

el capitan theater view

el capitan theater box

el capitan procenium

This is the old asbestos curtain. The new curtain has an image of a man and a woman dancing on it. I think the image is supposed to invoke Astaire and Rodgers. It’s okay but it’s really show-y. I suspect they had to remove this curtain for obvious reasons.

PCA Belasco exterior

The Belasco is located in downtown Los Angeles on Hill Street right next to the Mayan Theater.

The Belasco Theater 2015. It looks so much more glorious in the Pacific Coast Architect photo.

The Belasco Theater 2015. It looks so much more glorious in the Pacific Coast Architect photo. Maybe, because in the Pacific Coast Architect photo the theater is actually visible? What’s missing? The vertical sign and the large marquee for starters.

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PCA Beclasco interior

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I can't add much to the PCA photos except color. This sprite is at the center of the building near the top.

I can’t add much to the PCA photos except color. These ladies are at the top of the building.

For a long time the Belasco Theater was used as a church. This sign remains form those days.

For a long time the Belasco Theater was used as a church. This sign remains from those days.

I really like that neon sign that says, "Prayer Changes Things." I want it for my bedroom.

I really like that neon sign that says, “Prayer Changes Things.” I want it for my bedroom.

Another image of the Belasco but even closer. I find this theater very attractive in its original exterior configuration.

Another image of the Belasco but even closer. I find this theater very attractive in its original exterior configuration.

The following article about the Chinese Theater is in a 1927 issue of American Architect. The text in the article is a bit too flowery, and not really informative, but the photographs are great.

american architect chinese theater page 251

american architect chinese theater page 252

See that hanging chandelier in the middle of the auditorium? It’s no longer there.

american architect chinese theater page 253

american architect chinese theater page 254

american architect chinese theater page 255

american architect chinese theater page 256

american architect chinese theater page 259

american architect chinese theater page 260

american architect chinese theater page 261

american architect chinese theater page 262

american architect chinese theater page 263

Chinese sink knobs!

american architect chinese theater page 264

american architect chinsese theater page 265

american architect chinese theater page 266

american architect chinese theater page 267

See that stage box and the pagoda on the stage? Neither are there anymore. According to Charles Beardsley’s book, Hollywood’s Master Showman, the stage pagoda was gotten rid of when sound arrived. The sound vibrated the pagoda pieces and patrons found the noise distracting.

american architect chinese theater page 268

tour ticket

The Chinese Theater offers tours for $10. I took one.

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The Chinese Theater in 2015.

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In the American Architect article it states that there were fountains in the courtyard when the theater opened. This is one of the fountains. I’ve never seen it working but you can see the spout under the triangle that sits beneath the figure.

A display case in the forecourt.

A display case in the forecourt.

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The entrance.

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A view of the lobby right inside the front door.

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Another view.

In the lobby they have a number of dresses from famous movies. This one is from Gone With the Wind.

In the lobby they have a number of dresses from famous movies. This one is from Gone With the Wind.

This one is pretty famous.

This is from The Wizard of Oz but you knew that.

It's from Thoroughly Modern Millie.

It’s from Thoroughly Modern Millie. Only the most fabulous knew that.

Also, in the lobby is a small case with brochures from premieres that have taken place at the Chinese.

Also in the lobby is a small case with brochures from premieres that have taken place at the Chinese.

More brochures from the case.

More brochures from the case.

The carpet in the lobby looks like this.

The carpet in the lobby looks like this.

In a little room adjacent to the main lobby is a small room with pretty wallpaper (see above) where patrons can get straws and butter topping for their popcorn.

Adjacent to the main lobby is a small room with pretty hand-painted wallpaper (see above) where patrons can get straws for their beverages and butter topping for their popcorn.

The light fixture for the room with the pretty wallpaper is pretty bold.

The light fixture in the room with the pretty wallpaper is very bold.

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An outer aisle runs down the entire length of the theater on both sides.

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Charles Beardsley’s Grauman book claims the original curtain was blue.

This is the light fixture that adorns the center of the theater now.

This is the light fixture that adorns the center of the theater now.

chinese theater architecural record one

I found these five photos in Architectural Record. I’m mainly including them because of the first three photos. In this image there’s a house sitting next to the auditorium. How cool. You could walk through the dirt to the movies.

chinese theater architectural record two

As for this one, there are no people in the forecourt. No people. That doesn’t happen anymore.

chinese theater architectural record three

Uh, no handprints or footprints.

chinese theater architectural record four

chinese theater architectural record five

Just a few….

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The United Artists Theater opened in 1927 but I've found nothing about it in any of the architectural journals I regularly peruse. How is that possible? It was built by Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, Charlie Chaplin and D.W. Griffith. The first movie shown was a Mary Pickford film.

The United Artists Theater opened in 1927 but I’ve found nothing about it in any of the architectural journals I regularly peruse. How is that possible? It was built by Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, Charlie Chaplin and D.W. Griffith. The first movie shown was a Mary Pickford film.

Here's a straightforward view.

Here’s a straightforward view.

Above the entrance.

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These statues don't invoke the gayity like the statues at the Million Dollar Theater.

These statues don’t possess the gaiety that the statues at the Million Dollar Theater have.

The building that surrounds the theater is the Ace Hotel. The theater has almost taken a backseat to the hotel. The Hotel is very trendy and intended for hipsters. I'm very happy the theater has been saved.

The building that surrounds the theater is the Ace Hotel. The hotel is very trendy and intended for hipsters who want an urban experience. I’m happy the theater has been saved along with the building even if it was by a bunch of hipster-types.

Since I want interior photos I bought a ticket to see one of my favorite sappy shows, in advance, so I can get some interior photos.

The link is to this...

The United Artists Theater in an advertisement.

The United Artists Theater in an advertisement.

I did find this where I work.

I did find this where I work.

I was very excited.

I was very excited.

I couldn't hide my glee when I ran across this and emailed and phoned everyone I knew at the off-site, library storage facility where this was being held.

I couldn’t hide my glee when I ran across this and emailed and phoned everyone I knew at the off-site, library storage facility where this item was held.

I was eagerly awaiting receipt of this item.

I eagerly awaited receipt of the item. After I paged it — it came the next day. That’s Mary Pickford above.

Unfortunately, it wasn't what I expected it to be.

Unfortunately, it wasn’t what I expected.

I thought it was going to be a souvenir program with inside photographs of the theater.

I thought it was going to be a souvenir program with interior photographs of the theater.

Instead, it was simply a souvenir program for the Mary Pickford film.

Instead, it was a souvenir program for the Mary Pickford film.

You can see what the interior of the theater looks like in the drawings on each page but in this case I think a picture is better than a drawing.

You can see what the interior of the theater looks like in the drawings on each page but in this case I think a picture is better than a drawing. On December 13th I went to the UA to see a preview of Downton Abbey and got some interior photos.

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There was very little light. The lobby was cavernous, arched and gothic.

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These mirrors, one on both sides of the entrance, are right inside the front doors.

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How did it survive virtually unaltered?

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There is a blue theme going on in the auditorium.

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This is looking up at the ceiling in the auditorium. There is no hanging chandelier.

There are murals on both sides of the theater with silent film stars.

There are murals on both sides of the theater with depictions of silent film stars. This one has Mary Pickford. She’s in white. I’m not sure but those guys on the horses, might be, the four horseman of the apocalypse. I think I remember a docent telling me that years ago.

Here's a close up of Mary along with Douglas Fairbanks. This is a photo by Don Solosan of the Los Angeles Historic Theater Foundation. A foundation I use to belong to a long time ago.

Here’s a close up of the previous mural with Mary P. and Douglas Fairbanks. This photo is by Don Solosan of the Los Angeles Historic Theater Foundation. I belonged to that foundation a long time ago when Hillsman Wright, Rory Cunningham and John Miller were board members.

Here’s the Los Angeles Historic Theater Foundation website: http://www.lahtf.org/

The other wall -- the other mural. This one has Doug, Rudy and Chaplin.

The other wall — the other mural. This one has Doug, Rudy and Chaplin.

Another Don Solosan photograph.

Another Don Solosan photograph.

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I’m including this because: a) I like it and b) it reminds me of an image in Aliens where Ripley goes in search of Newt and finds her cocooned up against a wall with other colonists.

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There was a costume contest at the conclusion of the screening. A man who dressed up like a “dead” Matthew was one of the winners.

So I was looking for information on the Richfield building and I stumbled onto four photographs of the United Artists Theater.

So, I was looking for information on the Richfield building in April of 2016 and I stumbled upon four photographs of the United Artists Theater.

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All of these images are from January 1929.

Me, in a very grainy selfie. I always look like a hoodlum.

Me, in a very grainy selfie. I always look like a hoodlum.

Intolerance Babylon elephant. My book, The Odd Fellows, was released on December 16, 2013.

——————————————————————————————–

Allen, H. (1929, July). Recent California theaters. Pacific Coast Architect, 32(1), 10-29.

Beardsley, C. (1983). Hollywood’s master showman. Cranbury, NJ: Cornwell Books.

Belasco theater. (1928, January). The Architect and Engineer, 92(1), 63.

Chinese theater, at Hollywood, California. (1927, July 20). American Architect. 132(2525), 251-268.

Grauman theater, Hollywood, Cal. (1923, January 21). American Architect-The Architectural Review, 123(2412), plates.

Jennings, F. (1923, March). A theater designed in the Egyptian style. The Architect & Engineer, 72(3), 77-84.

Lansburgh, G. A. (1927, February). The El Capitan theater and department store building, Hollywood. The Architect & Engineer, 88(2), 34-43.

Mayan theater. (1928). Architectural Digest, 4(4), 8-11.

Portfolio current architecture. (1927, July). The Architectural Record, 62(1), 113-122.

Tower theater. (1928). Architectural Digest, 4(4), 31-33.

United Artists theater. (1927). Los Angeles: Fred S. Lang Company.

United Artists theater. (1929, January). Pacific Coast Architect, 35(1), 23-26.

 

Heritage Square

I went to Heritage Square recently. I had seen it from the freeway for years and always wondered about the place. It seemed odd, to me, that there would be all these Victorian buildings sitting next to the freeway and it made me wonder “why” as I sped pass on the Pasadena freeway. The land was given to the foundation to house two building from Bunker Hill back in 1969. Those two buildings were moved to the site but before any preservation work could be done to either of them both buildings were burned and completely destroyed by arsonists. That didn’t deter the founding members of Heritage Square; they simply went about the business of acquiring more buildings. All of the buildings at Heritage Square were set to be demolished but were saved by the organization. Note: Heritage Square does not allow indoor photography but I found some interior images of the Hale house in an old 1990 magazine.

heritage square brochure cover

Their brochure

The entrance to Heritage Square.

The entrance to Heritage Square.

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Their website is: http://heritagesquare.org/visit

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The train station which was moved in from the Palms area. The Palms area is between Santa Monica and downtown Los Angeles. I would put it in the vicinity of Overland Ave. and National Blvd.

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The Perry House. This house had an emptiness about it that I liked. It wasn’t filled with furniture so I was able to envision what my furniture would look like in it. Much bigger than it appears. The ceilings must be 14 feet on the first floor. The docent said in the winter you have to wear a coat inside it’s so cold in the house. I’ve always liked chilly rooms. It was my second favorite house.

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The Hale House.

interior 1

When you walk in the front door this room is immediately to the left. It’s the front parlor.

interior 2

The foyer. It has a rather small, winding staircase compared to the size of the home.

interior 3

This is looking from the front parlor into the back parlor through some pocket  doors.

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Valley Knudsen house. It looks like a toy house but it’s rather big inside. The docent, Dana, said the house was used in the film, Saving Mr. Banks.

house descriptions

The brochure’s run down on the structures.

age of innocence

Dana. He’s the best dressed docent I’ve ever encountered. He looks like he walked out of Edith Wharton’s The Age of Innocence. I wish I could walk around and look like that but I don’t have that dandy gene in me. Dana was well informed and a fountain of information. He was also polite and articulate. Call, find out when he’s giving a tour, and then go to that tour.

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Longellow-Hastings House. While the house seems less than spectacular from the outside, it was by far my favorite house even though it appeared to be falling apart on the inside: peeling wallpaper, old linoleum on the floor, exposed lathe, grease and grime covering the kitchen walls, and holes in the floor.

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The John J. Ford House. The exterior has been completely renovated but the interior needs major work. When in the parlor if you squint your eyes to the point where they’re almost closed you can envision how beautiful the interior will be one day.

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There’s a church at Heritage Square. Its movement to this location had to involve a herculean effort. It’s huge.

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Cornerstone of the church.

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This is the Colonial Drugstore. It’s new and was built on site. It’s a replica of George Abraham Simmon’s Colonial Drugstore in Highland Park. Simmon’s family paid for the replica to be built and this structure opened in December of 2012 to house Simmon’s vast collection of pharmacy memorabilia.

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Pharmacy counter view.

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Pharmacy view.

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I want that Robomalt box.

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Analax? And it’s fruity! Okay, I can’t say anything that would be appropriate so I’ll refrain from saying anything.

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An image of Hale House from the time it was moved to Heritage Square.

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The two houses on Bunker Hill (the Salt Box and Donagan’s Castle) that were moved to Heritage Square only to be destroyed by arsonists.

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My book, The Odd Fellows, was released on December 16, 2013.

———————————————————————————————————————————-

Kumor, T. W. (2003). The Hale house. Virginia Beach, VA: The Donning Company Publishers.

Samuelson, J. &  Winter, R. (1990, July). Heritage square: a Victorian preserve in the Arroyo Seco. Angeles, 60-67.

 

 

Published in: on October 4, 2015 at 5:59 pm  Comments (2)  

Metropolitan Theater – Los Angeles

The Metropolitan Theater no longer stands. It only exists in photographs. It was demolished in 1960 and was a Sid Grauman Theater located across from Pershing Square, at the corner of 6th and Hill Streets, in downtown Los Angeles. I came across some photos of the theater at work. The architect of the theater is William Lee Woollett but I haven’t been able to find a book on him which is amazing.

This is a LA Public Library photo.

This is a LA Public Library photo.

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I found some great images of The Metropolitan Theater in this book. The book is from 1927.

 

This is an interior image. This book is 14 inches by 20 inches so it didn't fit on my scanner. I was reduced to taking photographs of the pages with my Kodak Easyshare.

Some interior images. This book is 14 inches by 20 inches so it didn’t fit on my scanner. I was reduced to taking photographs of the pages with my Kodak Easyshare. What  is that thing* on the top of the column supposed to be?

Here are some interior details.

More interior images.

The Metropolitan's proscenium.

The Metropolitan’s proscenium.

Here's a nice elevation.

Here’s a nice elevation.

Another elevation.

Another elevation.

A longitude.

A longitude.

I'm not sure what this is.

I’m not sure what this is.

The images that follow are from an old book from 1927 title Concrete in Architecture.

The images that follow are from a 1927 book titled: Concrete in Architecture. This building cost three million dollars to construct according to the LA Times though the LA Examiner claimed it was four million. It had two entrances: one on Hill and one on Sixth. There was 155 feet of frontage on 6th while Hill had 247 feet of frontage. On Sixth St. the entrance was set back ten feet from the rest of the building to create a grander entrance. There were shops along the frontage on both streets and the building itself had Edwin Bergstrom as its architect while Woollett designed the theater. The buildings foundation could support thirteen stories but only six stories were built. The Last Remaining Seats‘ Ben Hall says the theater’s style was “Hispano-Persian” and sat 3,485 people. A reporter for the LA Times who covered the premiere, Edwin Schallert, called it “primitive massiveness” which seems more accurate to me. *Charles Beardsley, in his book Hollywood’s Master Showman, says those two columns next to the stage support “mythical griffon heads.”

The Mezzanine.

The Mezzanine.

Another view of the mezzanine underneath the balcony.

Another view of the mezzanine underneath the balcony.

This is the mural between the supports in the previous image.

This is the mural between the balcony supports in the previous image.

 

It's a lion and reptile combined.

It’s a lion and a reptile combined.

A snail deer? Okay, I think somebody was on drugs.

A snail deer? Okay, I don’t want to be disrespectful but I think somebody was on drugs.

This is the balcony entrance.

This is the balcony entrance.

A way into the theater.

A way into the theater.

Movies are a diversion.

Movies are a diversion.

Inside the theater. One of the walls.

Inside the theater. On one of the walls. The walls were deliberately left “rough” to show how the building was constructed.

A wall sconce.

A wall sconce.

This is the mezzanine from the other side. The photo is from a publication called Architect.

This is the mezzanine from the other side. The photo is from a publication called  The Architect.

Here's a Buddah nestled in a niche up in the balcony.

Here’s a Buddah nestled in a niche up in the balcony.

This is from Architectural Digest.

This is from Architectural Digest. The bottom image is why I’m including this. What’s beyond that door? My guess would be a restroom.

The following photos are from this publication.

The following photos are from this publication.

It was a long article and there are lots of pictures.

It was a long article and there are lots of pictures.

It's by the architect William Lee Woollett.

It’s by the architect William Lee Woollett.

Near the proscenium.

Near the proscenium.

What appears to be the lobby.

What appears to be the lobby?

A lantern and modern art?

A lantern and some modern art.

Pendants, pendants, pendants.

Pendants.

This is a model of what's on top of the column; the mythical griffith.

This is a model of what’s on top of the column; the mythical griffith.

A model of that deer snail.

A model of that deer snail. The more I look at it the more I like it.

It's deemed a work of art.

It’s deemed a work of art by this writer.

work of art page two

Work of art page two

Bernard Maybeck, who created one of the most beautiful buildings in the world, had this to say about the Metropolitan Theater.

Bernard Maybeck, who created one of the most beautiful buildings in the world, had this to say about the Metropolitan Theater.

Bernie "Palace of Fine Arts" Maybeck page 2

Bernie “Palace of Fine Arts” Maybeck page 2

I was looking through old journals, for something else, when I found this. California Southland was a publication that was put out in the 20s. It appears to be something from a chamber of commerce entity and it was published in Pasadena.

I was looking through old journals, for something else, when I found this article. California Southland appears to be something from a chamber of commerce-like entity and was published in Pasadena.

The article is written by William Lee Woollett. It appears rather high-minded.

The article is written by William Lee Woollett. It appears rather high-minded.

That grill-work is nice.

That grill-work is nice.

I like the image of Woollett in the bottom photo.

I like the image of Woollett in the bottom photo.

The premiere for the theater was held on January 21, 1923. The first film shown was My American Wife starring Gloria Swanson and Antonio Moreno. The host was Theodore Roberts and many of the stars who attended are depicted in the pictures that follow*. LA Times reporter, William Schallert, claimed there were twenty to thirty thousand people on the street who couldn’t get in because the venue was sold out even though tickets cost $5 per person. What he describes below sounds like a scene right out of Nathaniel West’s Day of the Locust (1937) but it couldn’t have really been that bad, could it?

  • In a section of his article titled CROWD IS UNRULY Schallert states: “The early part of the program was punctuated at intervals by shouts from the crowds outside. At one time due to the way they crowded around the door, signs of a riot appeared. The militia was forced to hold the crowd back with their rifles and several times struggles for the possession of the guns between members of the mob and the soldiers were seen. The police had to be continually on guard to keep the crowd from storming the theater so great was the spectators desire to obtain a glimpse of the stars and of the interior of the house.”

The reporter went on to describe the proceedings onstage and said the most rousing moment was when the orchestra played the Star Spangled Banner and two men, dressed as Uncle Sam, stood up in balconies that flanked the stage to great applause. According to Schallert while there were many female stars present they weren’t part of the onstage festivities. During the proceedings, the stars in the audience, were asked to stand so the audience could see them but despite being movie stars, on this particular night, the stars were for the most part shy and declined to have the spotlight turned on them.

  • As for the theater Schallert states this in a section titled THROUGH MAIN ENTRANCE: “Of course, the house is ornate beyond any one’s conception. One gets the most striking effect by coming in through the main entrance on Sixth street. Here all the  massiveness of the mezzanine floor’s decorative scheme strikes the vision. One gazes upon an elaborate blending of color on all sides and, above, finds that these assume shape in sculpture and fresco and painting at every turn. Truly the pictorial note is sounded in every part of the theater, yet without distraction to the audience. The building as a whole has a primitive massiveness and sweep. It is not quite free from draughts as yet but this slight detriment can probably be easily obviated and when it is, the theater will be a glorious and perfect example of the palatial and magnificent that harks back the medieval era and yet is filled with the spirit of the present day.”
  • Regarding the Gloria Swanson film Schallert wrote under LOCAL OF THE PICTURE: “The romantic local of “My American Wife,” will attract the theatergoer. It offers a horse race in fashionable South America, a deul and some other items of excitement. Gloria plays detective in the picture and routs the faction that is rival to that of her lover. “My American Wife” is therefore entertaining, though not altogether believable and offers a cast of rather exceptional interest. Most of all, though, the public will want to see the theater and it will flock there during the next few weeks. The mob surging around the doors last night gave ample evidence.”

*This list of attendees is from Charles Beardsley’s book on Grauman’s theaters. All of the stars that follow were at the Metropolitan’s premiere.

LIST OF ATTENDEES

theodore roberts

She was the greatest star of them all.

ANTONIO MORENO

blanche sweet

william desmond

ruth roland

img059 (2)

buster keaton

charles ray

norma talmadge

lois wilson

marie prevost

tom mix

hal roach 2

milton sills

mary pickford

doug fairbanks

What’s interesting is that Grauman opened the Metropolitan on January 21, 1923 but by July of 1924 he had sold all his interest in this theater, The Million Dollar and The Rialto. They were bought by the Publix group and by 1929 a Paramount marquee hung outside the theater. The building was demolished in 1960 for a parking lot. The firm hired to demolish the building lost money because they couldn’t get the building down by the deadline.

That's Rube Wolf, of Fanchon and Marco on the stage.

That’s Rube Wolf, of Fanchon and Marco, on the Metropolitan’s stage when the theater was being torn down.

——————————————————————————————————

Beardsley, C. (1983). Hollywood’s master showman: the legendary Sid Grauman. Cranbury, NJ: Cornwall Books.

Concrete in architecture. (1927). Chicago: Portland Cement Association.

Fox, C. & Silver, M. L. (Ed.) (1920). Who’s who on the screen. New York: Ross Publishing, Co.

Hall, B. (1961). The best remaining seats: the story of the golden age of the movie palace. New York: Clarkson N. Potter, Inc.

Metropolitan Theater. (1925, March). The Architect, 3(3), 142-144.

Reagan, O. (Ed.). (1927). American architecture of the twentieth century. New York: Architectural Book Publishing Company.

Schallert, E. (1923, January 27). Crowd surges at theater; premiere of Grauman’s metropolitan is in the midst of dazzling splendor. Los Angeles Times, 3.

Woollett, W. E. (1923, April). The architect and the craftsman. California Southland, (40), 11-13.

Woollett, W. E. (1923, May). Concrete and creative architecture. The Architect and Engineer, 73(2), 51-90.

 

Published in: on September 10, 2015 at 6:26 pm  Leave a Comment  

Dear Teen Me

My publisher set up an opportunity for Bold Strokes Books authors; it involved writing posts for a website called Dear Teen Me. The website is centered around writers writing letters to themselves.  Basically, “what would I say to myself now that I know what I know.” Here’s the link.

http://dearteenme.com/?p=9875#more-9875

Teen Me

Published in: on August 7, 2015 at 7:19 pm  Leave a Comment  

Parkinson & Parkinson

Father and Son.

Father and Son.

I like the Parkinsons. There are so many Parkinson buildings in Los Angeles that I can’t cover all of them so I decided to concentrate on my favorite ones. I also included a couple of buildings from Seattle where John Parkinson got his start.

Before John Parkinson began building in Los Angeles he worked in Seattle. He formed a partnership with Cecil Evers for roughly two years. This is the Calkins Hotel. It was built in 1889-1890. This building has been destroyed but it is a Parkinson Evers building.

Before John Parkinson began building in Los Angeles he worked in Seattle. He formed a partnership with Cecil Evers for roughly two years. This is the Calkins Hotel. It was built in 1889-1890. This Parkinson-Evers building has been destroyed. It was located on Mercer Island.

The Frank Pontius House in Seattle. (1889). This is another Parkinson-Evers building.

The Frank Pontius House in Seattle (1889). This is another Parkinson-Evers building.

Seattle National Bank in Seattle 1890-1892. This building is attributed to Parkinson only.

Seattle National Bank in Seattle 1890-1892. This building is attributed to Parkinson only.

This is the Interurban Bank today. This photograph is from Wikipedia and the photographer is Joe Mabel.

Interurban Bank today. This photograph is from Wikipedia and the photographer is Joe Mabel.

This is from Southwest Builder and Contractor. It was a publication for people in the construction industry. John and Donald's address and phone number are down near the bottom.

From Southwest Builder and Contractor. It was a publication for people in the construction industry. John and Donald’s address and phone number are down near the bottom.

This is a brochure published by the Parkinsons in 1921 to promote their firm.

A brochure published by the Parkinsons in 1921 to promote their firm.

This is the publisher's note opposite the title page.

The publisher’s note. There is no title page in this brochure. I’ve seen two different copies of it. In both the page above is followed by 2 images of the University of Southern California’s Bovard administration building on the opposite page.

—————————————————–

Hibernian Building/Braly Building done in collaboration with his partner Edwin Bergstrom.

408 S. Spring Street

In 1904 when the building was erected it was called the Hiberian Building.

This is from the Parkinson brochure.

I found this issue of Architect and Engineer and it had a lengthy article on John P. and his partner at the time.

I found this issue of Architect and Engineer and it had a lengthy article on John P. and his partner at the time. It’s from 1910.

Here are the two partners.

Here are the two partners.

Now, look at this. Here it is called the Union Trust Building in 1910 but by 1921 it's being referred to as the Hibernian Building.

Now, look at this. Here it’s called the Union Trust Building (in 1910) but by 1921 (the date of the Parkinson brochure) it’s being referred to as the Hibernian Building.

It was built in 1904 and still stands.

In 2015 it’s called the Braly Building. I keep looking for interior photos of this building but as of yet haven’t found any.

Some cornice detail.

Some cornice detail.

The article in Architect and Engineer has approximately two pages of text in an article that’s thirty-four pages long. The writer, who is not identified, states, “The illustrations of their work in this number tell the story of their success more forcibly than words.”As a result, the other 32 pages are photographs of their work. It’s a great resource. There’s a bit of information. It says Parkinson was born in Bolton, England on December 12, 1861. He took architecture and engineering courses at Bolton, came to the U.S. in 1883, spent two years in Minneapolis, moved to Napa for approximately four years, went to Seattle for five years, and moved to Los Angeles in 1894. Then it listed all his memberships which were all pretty predictable but one stuck out: he was a member of the Jonathan Club which is a swanky club in downtown Los Angeles which still exists today.

As for Bergstrom, he received even less space text-wise. In a very short paragraph it was revealed that he was 34 years old and joined Parkinson in 1905 to form their firm. He was a graduate of Boston Institute of Technology and Yale. He was a member of the Jonathan Club too.

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King Edward Hotel done in collaboration with Edward Bergstrom

121 E. 5th Street

King Edward Hotel from the Parkinson brochure. I read an article in the Los Angeles Times from February 18, 1906 about the King Edward. It said the hotel had 150 guest rooms, two passenger elevators and two freight elevators. It was fireproof and had a telephone in every room. The furnishings for the hotel cost not less than $50,000 and that all the materials used in the building were from the Los Angeles area. The article also stated that it would be run on the European plan. The writer said The King Edward wasn't a large hotel but it was situated near the train depots for customer convenience.

King Edward Hotel from the Parkinson brochure. I read an article in the Los Angeles Times from February 18, 1906 about the King Edward. It said the hotel had 150 guest rooms, two passenger elevators and two freight elevators. It was fireproof and had a telephone in every room. The furnishings for the hotel cost not less than $50,000 and that all the materials used in the building were from the Los Angeles area. The article also stated that it would be run on the European plan. The writer said The King Edward wasn’t a large hotel but it was situated near the train depots for customer convenience.

The King Edward on a post card. It opened February 10, 1906.

The King Edward on a post card. That cool little bus went to the train station to pick up potential lodgers.

The King Edward Hotel at 5th and Los Angeles Street.

This is what The King Edward Hotel looks like in 2015.

A close up of the entrance.

A close up of the entrance.

Somehow that staircase looks wrong. Maybe the ceiling was higher at one point.

King Edward lobby. Somehow that staircase looks wrong. Maybe the ceiling was higher at one point? I’ve seen a postcard when the building was new and that staircase wasn’t there.

King Edward interior. Part of the check in desk.

King Edward interior. Part of the registration desk.

Here's a view of the King Edward interior.

Here’s a view of the King Edward interior.

This is the back of the interior's postcard.

This is the back of the above postcard.

This image shows the west side of the building. It looks like this postcard is from the time when the building was new.

An image that shows the west side of the building. The building looks new in this postcard.

That is so cool. I didn't venture in because I wasn't sure if it was open or not and I was alone.

That is so cool. I didn’t venture in because I wasn’t sure if it was open and I was alone. I figured I would get drugged and sold into white slavery if I went inside. Since I had to go to work the next day I took a picture instead. (This building is on the edge of skid row.)

I want that sign.

I want this sign.

I bought this card online. It's 3 inches by 5 inches. It is very cool.

I bought this card online. It’s 3 inches by 5 inches. It’s very cool.

This is the back of the card. As the LA Times article stated it was near the big train stations. I like this card so much and it's just a piece of paper.

This is the back of the card. As the LA Times article stated it was near the big train stations. I like this card so much and it’s just an oversize business card.

——————————————————-

The Los Angeles Stock Exchange done in collaboration with Samuel E. Lunden.

618 S. Spring St.

The Los Angeles Stock Exchange.

The Los Angeles Stock Exchange. An LA Times obit on Lunden said construction began on the building the week after the 1929 stock market crash. Despite that, no corners were cut and the building cost $1.5 million to construct. The bronze, front doors were the biggest west of the Mississippi.

Light fixture from the Stock Exchange.

Light fixture from the stock exchange.

Mantel in the stock exchange.

Mantel in the board room.

The original doors to the stock exchange.

The outer doors of the stock exchange.

The inner doors of the stock exchange.

The inner doors.

The lobby of the stock exchange.

The lobby.

A Hercules window.

A Hercules window. He doesn’t look like Steve Reeves, Kevin Sorbo or Dwayne Johnson but I still like him.

The window opposite.

The window opposite. These two windows are in the “member’s room.”

The trading floor.

The trading floor.

Another view from Southwest Builder and Contractor.

A closer view from Southwest Builder and Contractor.

There are ads like this in all these architectural journals for practically every major building constructed.

There are ads like this in all these architectural journals for practically every major building constructed.

The building today.

The building today.

This is above the door.

This is above the door.

I have no idea if these are the original doors. If they are they need a better locking system.

These original doors need a better lock.

Was there something else attached at one time?

Was there something else attached at one time? Bronze rosettes?

——————————————————-

Bovard Administration Building, Science Building, Student Union Building and Physical Education Building at the University of Southern California. Parkinson & Parkinson.

University Park

Bovard at the University of Southern California.

Bovard Administration Building at the University of Southern California from the Parkinson brochure.

It's well maintained.

IMG_1126

IMG_1129

It's Columbus.

That’s John Wesley a Methodist church founder. USC was founded by the Methodists.

It's Lincoln.

It’s Matthew Simpson who was a Methodist preacher. (Note: on the north side of the tower are Lincoln and Teddy Roosevelt and on the west side it’s Cicero and Plato.)

This was the backcover for California Southland dated June 1921.

This was the backcover for California Southland dated June 1921.

All these buildings have been in constant use by faculty, students and staff for approximately 90 years. USC has renovated all of these buildings and they have new plumbing, new electrical systems, new bathrooms and new walls. They even have Wifi. They’re practically completely new inside. The exteriors, though, remain intact and unchanged.

The Parkinson's are down near the bottom.

The Parkinson’s are down near the bottom.

USC's Science Hall.

USC’s Science Hall.

I've always liked the ornament above the door and those gates.

I’ve always liked the ornament around the arch and the strip of ornament above the door. It’s very Louis Sullivan-ish.

There are two of these gates back from the arch. This is looking out. Uh, those gates are pretty nice too.

There are two of these gates beyond the arch. This is looking out.

This was not done by the Parkinsons. It was done by Jean Goodwin in 1937 as her thesis project. I just think it's beautiful and I'm not even sure what the four of them are looking at. This artwork is big. It's probably, at least, six feet high and embedded into a wall. It's through the archway and past the metal gates.

This was not done by the Parkinsons. It was done by Jean Goodwin in 1937 as her thesis project. I just think it’s beautiful and I’m not even sure what the four of them are looking at. This artwork is big. It’s probably, at least, six feet high and embedded into a wall. It’s through the archway and past the metal gates.

I like this ornament too. It's above one of the side doors.

I like this ornament too. It’s above one of the side doors.

Here's a plaque commemorating the building. This says 1927/28.

Here’s a plaque commemorating the Student Union Building. It says it was erected in 1927/28.

It's the Student Union building at USC.

The Student Union Building at USC.

Above the student union front door is this frieze.

Above the Student Union front door is this frieze.

It was erected in 1926-27.

This cornerstone says 1926-27 which contradicts the plaque above.

I've always liked this chimmeny detail.

Chimney detail.

Up near the top of the building is this likeness of Rufus B. VonKlindschmidt who was president of USC from 1918-1954 AND monkey thumbing his nose.

Up near the top of the Student Union Building is this likeness of Rufus B. von Kleinsmid who was president of USC from 1921-1947. Down a few corbels is a monkey thumbing his nose.

I found this image of the student union building in a copy of Pacific Coast Architect.

I found this image of the student union building in a copy of Pacific Coast Architect.

Another plaque commemorating this Parkinson and Parkinson building.

Another plaque this time commemorating the erection of the P.E. Building.

The Physical Education Building.

The Physical Education Building on the university park campus.

I've always liked this head on the physical education building.

That big head is very cool.

The north side of the P.E. Building.

The north side of the P.E. Building.

Above the side door are these animals.

Above the side door are these animals.

The rams are kind of goofy looking so I like them.

The rams are kind of goofy looking so I like them.

This is the lobby of the P.E. Building. I've seen plans for this buildings renovation. The building isn't going to be used for phys ed. anymore. The interior is going to be completely redone. A new physical education building was built about ten years ago.

This is the lobby of the P.E. Building. I’ve seen plans for this buildings’ renovation. The building isn’t going to be used for phys ed. anymore. The interior is going to be completely redone. A new physical education building was built a few years back so this building’s original use is no longer warranted.

This light fixture hangs right inside the P.E. Building's front door.

This light fixture hangs right inside the P.E. Building’s front door.

The PE Building surrounds an inner courtyard. This is the view looking west.

The PE Building surrounds an inner courtyard. This is the view looking west.

This is the view looking east in the courtyard.

This is the view looking east in the courtyard.

Inside the east wing of the building is a very large swimming pool.

Inside the east wing of the building is a very large swimming pool.

There is an appropriate amount of school spirit in the pool area.

There is an appropriate amount of school spirit in the pool area. I’ve never swam in the pool but I’ve used the locker room on numerous occasions to shower and change.

——————————————————–

Hotel Alexandria done in collaboration with Edwin Bergstrom.

501 S. Spring Street

From the Parkinson brochure.

Hotel Alexandria from the Parkinson brochure. It opened in 1906. It cost over 2 million dollars to construct. The furnishings were from Baker Bros. and cost upwards of $300,000.00

Here's the Alexandria Hotel on a post card.

Here’s the Hotel Alexandria on a post card.

The Alexandria Hotel is where all the silent film stars went in the teens before everyone moved to Hollywood and Beverly Hills.

The Hotel Alexandria is where all the silent film stars went in the teens before everyone moved to Hollywood and Beverly Hills.

A griffith behind the sign.

A Griffith behind the sign on the Spring Street side.

Another Griffith on the other side.

Another Griffith on the other side.

Detail from the top of the Alexandria.

Detail from the top of the Alexandria.

The lobby from a postcard.

The lobby from a postcard.

The mezzanine from a post card.

The mezzanine from a postcard.

A resting room? I wonder if it was just for women? It seems so Victorian.

A resting room? I wonder if it was just for women? It seems so Victorian.

One of the dinning rooms.

One of the dinning rooms.

Another dinning room in the Hotel Alexandria.

The Franco-Italian dinning room.

Another dining room

Another dining room. It could be the same room as the previous card but with different chairs. The ceiling is different though. Oh, and the balcony doesn’t appear to be in the first card. Plus, in the first card the wall and ceiling “curve” together. They don’t in the second one. These two cards are like one of those cartoons where you spot the five differences.

This grill. Those tables don't look big enough for a meal so I suspect they only sold snacks or light fare. The candlestick telephone on the far booth makes me think people were self consumed with communication even back then.

The grill. Those tables don’t look big enough for a meal so I suspect they only served snacks or light fare. The candlestick telephone, on the far booth, makes me think people were consumed with communication even back then.

With the exception of that 2nd Empire bookcase on the left wall everything in the room appears to be mission style.

With the exception of that 2nd Empire (?) bookcase on the left wall and the lamps everything in the room appears to be mission style. A room after my heart.

I don't want to sound bitchy but couldn't they decide on one style. It's all over the place. I was thinking maybe it's just "contemporary" furniture? As for that bed: it looks like a full size. That's big enough for one large man but where would the bride sleep?

I don’t want to sound bitchy but couldn’t they decide on one style? It’s all over the place visually. I was thinking maybe it’s just “contemporary” furniture for the time? As for that bed — it looks like a full size. That’s big enough for a large man but where would the bride sleep?

The postmark on the back of this postcard is May 27, 1925. I love this postcard because the individuals look so Edwardian but considering the date on the postcard shouldn't they be flapper types?

The postmark on the back of this postcard is May 27, 1925. I like this postcard because the individuals look so Edwardian but considering the date on the postcard shouldn’t they be flapper types?

I had always thought from afar that whatever had been done to the Alexandria's interior could be undone. This postcard tells me I was wrong.

Hotel Alexandria lobby. I had always thought, from afar, that whatever had been done to the Alexandria’s interior could be undone. This postcard tells me I was wrong.

I bought this online. Along with the brochure came a letter to travel agents dated July 1955.

I bought this online. Along with the brochure came a letter to travel agents dated July 1955.

Here's the inside of that brochure.

Here’s the inside of that brochure.

Here's a great envelope with the Alexandria on it.

Here’s an envelope with the Alexandria on it.

$_57 (1)

I’m only including the back because of the graphic and so everyone can see that the glamorous Alexandria was owned by the same people who owned the Hotel TallCorn.

Here's an envelope from 1906 the year that the Alexandria opened.

Here’s an envelope from 1906 the year the Alexandria opened.

I found this tiny brochure online.

I found this tiny brochure online.

Here's the other side.

Here’s the other side.

It's a baggage label.

It’s a baggage label.

The Hotel Alexandria rents out their ballrooms for events and film shoots. This decal was on one of the doors up to the ballroom.

The Hotel Alexandria rents out their ballroom for events and film shoots. This decal was on one of the exterior doors that leads to the ballroom.

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Rosslyn Hotel and Annex. Parkinson & Parkinson.

112 W. 5th Street

The Rossalyn Hotel from the Parkinson brochure.

The Rosslyn Hotel from the Parkinson brochure.

This is the original one.

This is the original building.

I read an article in the Los Angeles Times concerning the Rosslyn. It was from October 8, 1922 and titled: Giant Hotel Planned: Owners of Rosslyn Lease Site on Opposite Corner for New $1,000,000 Hostelry. The article stated that a 99 year lease was signed between the Edwards’ estate (the owners of the land) and Dwight H. and George H. Hart (the owners of the Rosslyn). The lease deal was for $4, 148,200. The article went on to say that the Edwards’ family bought the land at Fifth and Main Streets in 1868 for $500. The Times said there would be no dining room in the new hotel because the dining room in the current hotel across the street was sufficient. It also stated that the exterior would be an exact duplicate of the present Rosslyn. At first I was unsure what this sentence meant, “Each room will be served with ice water through a modern ice water circulation system.” Then I realized it was air-conditioning or the precursor to air-conditioning. Another thing of note in the article was: there was a small, three story hotel already occupying the site and all tenants had been given notice to vacate the property by January 1, 1923. The new Rosslyn Hotel was scheduled to open in October of 1923. I don’t know if they built it in 10 months, or not, but that was the plan.

Rossalyn today.

The Rossalyn in 2015. The one on the right was built first. The other one is identical and the two are connected by a tunnel under the street.

Letterhead from the Rosslyn.

Letterhead from the Rosslyn.

A Rosslyn Hotel envelope.

A Rosslyn Hotel envelope.

One of the lobbies. It looks like it's from the 1930s.

One of the lobbies. It looks like it’s from the 1930s.

I like how these brothers incorporated their name into their advertising.

I like how these brothers incorporated their name into their advertising.

This lobby looks like it's from the 20s.

This lobby looks like it’s from the 20s.

That's not carpeting. That's a tile floor.

That’s not carpeting. That’s a tile floor. It doesn’t make the room look very elegant but it’s probably more hygienic.

It's a postcard. That's a pretty decent price since it cost 2 cents to send a postcard.

It’s a postcard. That’s a pretty decent price since it cost 2 cents to send a letter.

The one on the south side appears to retain it's original .....

The one on the south side appears to retain it’s original glass marquee. It is now a SRO Hotel that has been beautifully restored. The lobby had a large skylight and most of the original architectural details. (There was a lot of gilding!) They wouldn’t let me take photographs but they let me look around.

The one on the north side, the older one, has been converted to lofts and has a replaced .....

The one on the north side, the older one, has been converted to lofts and has a replaced marquee.

A baggage label that incorporates the Hart Bros. last name without ever stating it.

A baggage label that incorporates the Hart Bros. last name without ever stating it.

A marble subway and a drive-in lobby.

A marble subway and a drive-in lobby.

I found this tiny brochure online. It appears to be from the 1920s.

I found this tiny brochure online. It appears to be from the 1920s.

This page from the brochure describes the underground link.

This page from the brochure describes the underground link.

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Banks-Huntley Building. Parkinson & Parkinson.

634 S. Spring Street

This building is on Spring Street south of the Stock Exhange.

This building is south of the stock exchange.

According to a Los Angeles Times article from July 24, 1996 titled: Group Restores Historic Building. Maldef (The Mexican-American Legal Defense Fund) moved into the building in 1984 and then agreed to purchase the building in 1991 for $8.5 million dollars. Maldef still occupies two floors of the building and leases out the other floors.

I couldn't get it all in one shot. Here's the top.

Here’s the top of the building.

This is street level.

This is street level.

This is from across the street in a parking lot. I've lived in Los Angeles for more than 20 years and this is the first time I remember it raining in July. I took this picture in the rain.

Photo taken from a parking lot across the street. I’ve lived in Los Angeles for more than 20 years and this is the first time I remember it raining in July. I took this picture while standing in the rain. I was hoping I wouldn’t get any rain drops on the lens because I was tilted up.

One of the security gates.

One of the security gates.

A light fixture inside the lobby.

A light fixture inside the lobby.

The building's elevator doors. Nice. Not amazing but nice.

The building’s elevator doors. Very understated.

This is to the right of the entrance.

This is to the right of the entrance.

This is to the left of the entrance. I like that metal detail.

This is to the left of the entrance. I like that metal detail.

I love this image from Architectural Record. It looks so 1930s. This looks like a movie set.

From Architectural Record. It looks so 1930s; like a movie set. I expect Irene Dunne or Katherine Hepburn or Carol Lombard to pull up in a car and step out.

They must have taken this photo from the building across the street.

They must have taken this photo from a building down the street and from one of the upper floors.

An Architectural Record photo of the elevator from 1932.

An Architectural Record photo of the elevator from 1932.

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Los Angeles City Hall done in collaboration with Albert C. Martin and John C. Austin.

200 N. Spring Street

From American Architect before the building was built.

A rendering from American Architect around the time of construction.

This image is from Western Architect (vol. 37, 1928).

This image is from Western Architect. Look how small Spring Street is in the photo.

I went on a tour of City Hall. I took this shot in the morning before the tour. The photo has a hazzy look to it that I kind of like.

I went on a tour of City Hall. I took this shot in the morning before the tour. The photo has a hazy morning look to it.

I was standing in the courtyard of the building looking west.

I was standing in the building’s courtyard —  looking west.

A more expansive view from the same location.

A more expansive view from the same location. The shadow on the left side of the photo is from the building itself.

The front door. I think it should be bigger and monumental considering the scale of the building.

The front door. I think it should be bigger considering the size of the building. The doors should be as big as the Wizard’s door in the The Wizard of Oz. Just sayin’.

Western Architect has a nice shot of the front door.

Western Architect has a nice shot of the front door.

The cornerstone.

The cornerstone.

Looking toward the front door.

Looking toward the front door.

This is inside the front door.

This is inside the front door.

Identical hallways go to the north and south of the building.

Identical hallways go to the north and south of the building.

Above the center rotunda is this light fixture.

Above the center rotunda is this light fixture.

A close up on the light fixture.

A close up on the light fixture.

This is on the floor of the rotunda.

This is on the floor of the rotunda.

This ceiling fresco is on the north side of the building (down that long hallway) above the staircase.

On the north side of the building is this artwork above the staircase. (Down one of those long hallways.)

This is above the south staircase. Shouldn't it be naked women? Wouldn't that make logical sense?

This is above the south staircase. Shouldn’t it be naked women? Wouldn’t that make logical sense? Maybe, my mind is too symetrical?

This is above the bank of elevators on the main (3rd) floor. It's Mercury but I don't know who the woman is.

It’s Mercury but I don’t know who the woman is. She’s riding Pegasus. This is above the bank of elevators on the main (3rd) floor.

The door to the city clerk's office. The bear is a nice touch.

The door to the city clerk’s office. The bear is a nice touch.

This amazing ceiling is outside the clerk's office door.

This amazing ceiling is outside the clerk’s office door.

This City Council Chamber was locked but this room was open.

The City Council Chamber was locked but this room was open.

Here's part of the room.

Here’s part of the room.

Here's the ceiling of the room.

The ceiling.

This is behind the benches in the first photo.

This is behind the benches in the first photo.

The City Council Chamber?

The City Council Chamber?

Part of the mayor's office.

Part of the mayor’s office.

On one of the top floors there is an exhibit of mayoral portraits. It contains portraits of all the mayors of Los Angeles. This is Cryer. He was mayor when city hall was built. He looks great.

On one of the upper floors there’s an exhibit of mayoral portraits. It contains portraits of all the mayors of Los Angeles since 1851. This is George E. Cryer. He was mayor when the present city hall was built. He’s right out of The Great Gatsby.

Here's his bio.

His bio.

The only other mayoral photo I took was of this guy because I liked the way he looked and I liked his name. His name was Henry T. Hazzard and he was mayor from 1851-1853.

The only other mayoral photo I took was of this guy because I liked the way he looked. His name was Henry T. Hazard and he was mayor from 1889-1892. I’d vote for him.

There was a surprise for me on the tour. The tour guide who reminded me of George Jefferson's mother on The Jeffersons said,

There was a surprise for me on the tour. The lady tour guide, who reminded me of George Jefferson’s mother on The Jeffersons, said, “Now, let’s go up to the Observation Deck.” My response was, “What?” I didn’t know there was an observation deck. This is the view of the entrance to the Observation Deck when the elevator doors opened.

From the observation deck looking toward Bunker Hill.

From the observation deck looking toward Bunker Hill.

From the observation deck looking south.

Looking south.

From the observation desk looking west. That's the Department of Water building straight ahead. You can seen Frank Gehry's Disney Hall at 11 o'clock.

Looking west. That’s the Department of Water building straight ahead and you can see Frank Gehry’s Disney Hall at 11 o’clock.

Looking north east. That's Union Station.

Looking northeast. That’s Union Station.

Observation deck. One of the columns.

One of the columns.

Observation deck. This shot was taken with my back against the wall and shooting straight up/

This shot was taken with my back against the wall and shooting straight up.

A plaque from the observation deck.

A plaque on the observation deck.

This is the back of the building.

The back of the building.

City Hall on a stereoptical card.

City Hall on a stereo-optic  card.

Union Station: Parkinson and Parkinson

700-888 N. Alameda Street.

Union Station.

Union Station.

It's very modern.

It’s very modern looking but opened in 1939.

The information booth near the entrance.

The information booth near the entrance.

This is above the entrance.

This is above the entrance.

South of the information booth is this walkway to the old Fred Harvey restaurant.

South of the information booth is this walkway to the old Fred Harvey restaurant. I’m a fan of the Judy Garland movie The Harvey Girls and I have the song The Atchison, Topeka and the Santa Fe on my iPod. It’s a great song.

The old ticketing area (north of the information booth) which isn't used anymore.

The old ticketing area (north of the information booth) which isn’t used anymore.

The waiting area. Looking west toward the front door.

The waiting area. Looking west toward the front door.

It's art deco seating.

It’s art deco seating.

This clock is above a doorway that leads to an outside patio.

This clock is above a doorway that leads to an outside patio.

This is how you get to the trains.

The way to the trains.

OBITUARIES

John Parkinson's obit from Architect and Engineer.

John Parkinson’s obit from Architect and Engineer, January 1936.

The Currier Building is one of the first buildings John Parkinson designed in Los Angeles.

The Currier Building, mentioned in the above obit, is one of the first buildings John Parkinson designed in Los Angeles.

Donald's obit from Architect and Engineer, January 1946. He deserved better.

Donald’s obit from Architect and Engineer, January 1946. It’s rather brief.

My book The Odd Fellows was released on December 16, 2013.

Public art in Los Angeles. This mural is on Sunset Boulevard about a block away from Dodger Stadium. My book The Odd Fellows was released on December 16, 2013.

Okay, after I poster this post, a month later I was going through some journals and stumbled upon this. I had to attach the article and pictures. More pages follow.

Okay, after I posted this post, about four months later I was going through some journals and stumbled upon this article. I had to attach some of the article and some of the photos. They follow.

Bullocks cover

bullocks title page

bullocks whos who

Bullocks Page 2

Bullocks Page 3

bullocks page 5

An interior view of the store from a marble advertisement.

An interior view of the store from a marble advertisement.

Below are some photographs I took of the building on January 1, 2016.

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There were three hanging light fixtures at the front of the store over window and door openings but none of them were the same. I found that interesting. The other two follow.

There were three hanging light fixtures at the front of the store (over window and door openings) but none of them were the same. I found that interesting. The other two follow.

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This bronze decoration was above one of the doors. Bullocks Wilshire did have a department where patrons could buy riding clothes.

This bronze decoration was above one of the doors. Bullocks Wilshire did have a department where patrons could buy “riding clothes.”

This bronze panel was adhered to one of the storefront windows.

This bronze panel was adhered to one of the storefront windows.

I went into this store when I first moved to California. It was still a department store and it was very nice.

I went into this store when I first moved to California back in 1988. It was still a department store and it was very nice.

Oh, and then I found this. The article seems more like an advertisement for the tradesmen mentioned. It's for the Gas Company Building.

Oh, then there is this. The article seems more like an advertisement for the tradesmen mentioned. It’s for the Gas Company Building.

gas company page one

gas company page two

gas company page three

In the top photograph the text states that a dictograph is the most “wonderful of wonderful” inventions.

In December of 2015 I discovered this article on the Title Insurance Building in Pacific Coast Architect.

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The Los Angeles Athletic Club.

I found this image and the image below in an article about terra cotta.

This image and the image below were in an article about terra cotta.

Unfortunately, this stone entrance has been removed. I wonder what happened to it?

Unfortunately, this terra cotta entrance has been removed. I wonder what happened to it?

The building still stands on 7th street in Los Angeles.

The building still stands on 7th street in Los Angeles.

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Here's the building on a postcard.

Here’s the building on a postcard.

An interior photograph of the Beef Steak room.

An interior photograph of the Los Angeles Athletic Club’s Beef Steakroom.

The back of the postcard.

The back of the postcard.

I found this image in a book called, Our First Century: The Los Angeles Athletic Club 1880-1980. It's filled with photographs. According to the book the statue had been damaged and was removed around 1964-1965.

I found this image in a book called, Our First Century: The Los Angeles Athletic Club 1880-1980 by Betty Lou Young and Thomas Young. It’s filled with photographs. According to the book this figural group was removed around 1964 for two basic reasons: 1) it had sustained some damage and was “crumbling” and 2) the board wanted to upgrade the entrance and make it more appealing to potential members. The model for the central figure was Dick Retzer who was the winner of a “perfect man” contest.

Retzer was part of a gymnastic troupe. He's pictured on the bottom.

Retzer was part of a gymnastic troupe. He’s pictured on the bottom. The name of the member’s publication that the Los Angeles Athletic Club produced was called The Mercury.

I found a John Parkinson Building in an advertisement for Terra Cotta.

A John Parkinson Building in an advertisement for Terra Cotta.

I'm not sure if this building is still there or not but I like the advertisement.

I’m not sure if this building is still there or not but I like the advertisement.

I was looking for information on Morgan, Walls & Clements and came across this.

Next time I'm in Pasadena I'll look around for this store.

Next time I’m in Pasadena I’ll look around for this store.

JOHN PARKINSON STORE BUILDING TWO

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Banks-Huntley office building, Los Angeles. (1932, February). Architectural Record. 71(2), 114-116.

Bullock’s Wilshire store, Los Angeles. (1929, December). Architect and Engineer. 99(3), 44-52.

California Southland. (1921, June). (19), 24.

Directory of practicing architects. (1930, December 5). Southwest Builder and Contractor. 76(22), 11.

Field, W.S. (1994). Parkinson centennial, 1894-1994: 100 years of the Parkinson architectural firm in Los Angeles. Los Angeles: Los Angeles Conservancy.

Gee, S. (2013). Iconic vision: John Parkinson, architect of Los Angeles. Santa Monica: Angel City Press.

Giant hotel planned: owner of Rosslyn lease lot on opposite corner for new $1,000,000 hostelry. (1922, October 8). Los Angeles Times.

Group restores historic building. (1996, July 24). Los Angeles Times.

Jones, F.W. (1931, March). The Los Angeles stock exchange. Architect and Engineer of California, Pacific Coast States. 104(3), 24-45.

Karl, J. (1994). Shaping Seattle architecture: a historical guide to the architects. Seattle: University of Washington Press.

Los Angeles city hall, Los Angeles, California. (1928, July). Western Architect. 37(7), plates 109-121.

Noted Los Angeles architect dies. (1946, January). Architect and Engineer. 164(1), 30.

Obituary. (1936, January). The Architect and Engineer. 124(1), 57.

Oliver, M. (1995, June 16). Samuel E. Lunden: veteran LA architect. Los Angeles Times.

Parkinson, D. (1928, December). Title insurance building, Los Angeles. Pacific Coast Architect, 33(12), 27-33.

Parkinson, J. & Parkinson, D. B. (1921). John Parkinson and Donald B. Parkinson: architects, Los Angeles. Columbus: Denny A. Clark.

Store building, Pasadena, California. (1920, February). The Western Architect, 29(2), plates 1-2.

Student union building, university of southern California, Los Angeles, John Parkinson and Donald B. Parkinson, architects. (1928, October). Pacific Coast Architect, 33(10), 41-42.

Terra cotta buildings clean like new. (1930, January). Architect and Engineer. 100(1), 14.

The king Edward hotel: a new hotel, magnificently planned on the corner of Los Angeles and fifth streets. (1906, February 18). Los Angeles Times. p. 24

The work of John Parkinson and Edwin Bergstrom. (1910, September). The Architect and Engineer of California, Pacific Coast States. 22(2), 35-69.

Young, B.L. & Young, T. (1980). Our first century: the Los Angeles athletic club 1880-1980. Los Angeles: LAAC Press.

Million Dollar Theater

I hadn’t been to the Million Dollar Theater for a long time. I saw Nightmare on Elm Street Part IV in this theater years ago. I remember I wasn’t really interested in seeing the movie but I was interested in seeing the theater so I went.

The Los Angeles Conservancy is responsible for a series called The Last Remaining Seats.

The Los Angeles Conservancy is responsible for a series of events called The Last Remaining Seats. They go to different theaters on Broadway in downtown Los Angeles and show classic films. Once again I wanted to see the theater but the movie this time was better. It was Alfred Hitchcock’s PSYCHO from 1960.

Here's a view from Hill Street looking back toward Broadway.

Here’s a view from Hill Street looking at the back of the building. I like that arcade! A.C. Martin was the architect.

I would like to get into one of the apartments on the top floor. They must have great views. William Mullholland evidently had an office here.

There were offices above the theater originally. Now, they’re apartments. They must have great views. William Mulholland evidently had an office in this building. Mulholland was essential in bringing water to Southern California.

This is a side entrance. It's amazing.

This is a side entrance for tenants. It’s amazing.

A close up on some of the detail.

Standing on the sidewalk and looking up.

A bison head.

A bison head.

A longhead steer skull.

A longhead steer skull.

Directly above the side entrance.

An eagle directly above the side entrance.

The front entrance.

The front entrance to the Million Dollar Theater. The building is located at 307 S. Broadway.

This is from Architectural Digest 1922 (there is no month indicated). 2 Interesting things: the building is called the Edison Building and the theater is just called Grauman's. Click on the exterior picture to see what I mean.

This is from Architectural Digest 1922 (there is no month indicated). 2 Interesting things: the building is called the Edison Building and the theater is just called Grauman’s. Click on the exterior picture to see it.

The theater's grand opening was February 1, 1918. The first film shown was The Silent Man starring William S. Hart.

The theater’s grand opening was February 1, 1918. The first film shown was The Silent Man starring William S. Hart. This is an old press photograph.

Corner decoration on the 2nd story.

Corner decoration on the 2nd story.

These statues run across the front of the building above the marquee.

These statues run across the front of the building above the marquee.

She's playing a harp, I think.

She’s playing a harp, I think.

This is from the sidewalk.

This is from the sidewalk.

view from across the street. I don't know what it is but I like it even though I find it kind of scary.

View from across the street. I don’t know what it is but I like it even though I find it kind of scary. I did a little research. It might be THOTH. The Egyptian God of Knowledge.

He's supposed to be comedy and tragedy but he looks pretty scary no matter which mask he's wearing.

He’s supposed to be comedy and tragedy but he looks pretty sinister no matter which mask he’s wearing.

This jester is on the 3rd Street side of the building.

This jester is on the 3rd Street side of the building. (Where the tenant entrance is.)

She's also on the 3rd Street side of the building. She reminds me of my niece.

She’s also on the 3rd Street side of the building. She reminds me of my niece.

It's a rather large building. I couldn't get the entire building with my Kodak Easyshare camera.

It’s a rather large building. I couldn’t get the entire building with my Kodak Easyshare camera.

This is the medallion at the very top in the center.

This is the medallion at the very top in the center.

The Botanica on the north side. This is where the Old Drug used to be.

The Botanica on the north side. This is where the Owl Drug Store is in the Architectural Digest exterior photo. Notice on the window the red words Tempio Santa Muerte. Here is a Wikipedia link to Santa Muerte.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santa_Muerte

This is from a book called, Hollywood's Master Showman The Legendary Sid Grauman by Charles Beardsley. It's a wonderful book and has tons of information on the Million Dollar, Metropolitan, Egyptian and Chinese Theaters. Beardsley did a lot of research. The book is from 1983.

That’s Sid. This photograph is from a book called Hollywood’s Master Showman: The Legendary Sid Grauman by Charles Beardsley. It’s a wonderful book and has tons of information on Grauman’s Million Dollar, Metropolitan, Egyptian and Chinese Theaters. Beardsley did a lot of research for this book and he did a great job.

This is the brochure they handed out at the event.

This is the four page program they handed out at the event.

This is from the brochure. It is a good sumation of the Million Dollar.

This is from the program. There’s a brief history of the Million Dollar on this page and a photo of the stage taken with the house lights on. The photos are by Annie Laskey and Stephen Russo. Russo also has a book called The Last Remaining Seats: Movie Palaces of Tinseltown.

There was very little light in the theater but here's a picture I took.

There was very little light in the theater but here’s a picture I took.

This is at the top of the proscenium. It's called Tragedy Triumphant.

This is at the top of the proscenium. It’s called Tragedy Triumphant. It was designed and modeled by Wm. L. Woollett.

This very small lobby is underwhelming to me.

This very small lobby is underwhelming to me. I had to remind myself that this theater was built before the huge movie palaces of the 1920s. Eventually, I concluded I was wrong. I was looking at a journal called Marquee from 2002 and it had an article on the Million Dollar Theater. That article had old photographs of a large mural that once graced the lobby. That mural is no longer present. They must have remodeled the lobby sometime in the 1940s or 1950s and lowered the ceiling.

The theater, which holds 2,400 people, was sold out. The even took place on a hot day in June. The theater is not air-conditioned. As a result, they opened all the fire doors to let some air in. When I was up in the balcony I stepped out onto the fire escape and took this picture.

The theater, which holds 2,400 people, was sold out for this event and took place on a hot day in June. The theater is not air-conditioned. As a result, they opened all the fire doors to let some air in. When I was walking around the balcony area I stepped out onto the fire escape and took this picture.

This is the standard photo that is used when an article is written about the Million Dollar Theater. Notice the grill work behind the original marquee.

This is the standard photo that’s used when an article is written about the Million Dollar Theater. Notice the grill work behind the original marquee. That’s no longer there. It’s been cemented over. (Image courtesy Beardsley’s book.)

Here's the ticket booth. It looks like it's from the 40s. Very streamlined.

Here’s the ticket booth. It looks like it’s from the 1940s. Very streamlined.

This is a Million Dollar Theater program from 1920 for another William S. Hart movie called The Toll Gate. I think it's very cool. I had never seen one before I bought it. That's the building floating within the proscenium.

This is a Million Dollar Theater program from 1920 for another William S. Hart movie called The Toll Gate. I think it’s very cool. I had never seen one before I bought it. That’s the building floating within the proscenium.

In October of 2015 I was going through some journals and found these images of the Million Dollar.

In October of 2015 I was going through some journals and found these images of the Million Dollar.

It's an advertisement but a great image of the Million Dollar. I think it's still under construction.

It’s an advertisement but a great image of the Million Dollar. On the right side of the picture in the back is a “neon?” sign with Grauman’s name on top of a genie lamp.

What I would like to find is images of the lobby's interior.

What I would like to find is images of the lobby’s interior.

MILLION DOLLAR THEATER FOUR

My book The Odd Fellows was released on December 16, 2013.

My book The Odd Fellows was released on December 16, 2013.

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  • Grauman’s theater Los Angeles. (1918, August). The Architect, 16(2), 18-20.

Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum

I went on a tour of the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum. It’s located in Exposition Park. It was free and I had never been there before.

From the other side of the fence.

From the other side of the fence.

Up close.

Up close.

Real close.

Real close.

The zodiac sign within the arch.

The zodiac signs within the arch.

On the inside of the Perishyle.

On the north side of the Peristyle.

The south side of the perishyle.

The south side of the peristyle.

They have these bronze markers all along the peristyle.

They have these bronze markers all along the peristyle.

I like this one because it was for a woman. 99.9% were for men.

It’s Babe. I like this one because it was for a woman. 99.9% were for men.

This tells the whole LAMC story.

This tells the whole LAMC story.

I bought a book called Men of the Pacific Coast 1902-1903 and this image of Parkinson was in it.

I bought a book called Men of the Pacific Coast 1900-1902 and this image of Parkinson was in it. Parkinson was the architect of the Coliseum along with his son Donald.

This is a view from the roof.

This is a view from the roof of the press box.

Here's a view from the press box. The press box is not air-conditioned!

Here’s a view from within the press box. The press box is not air-conditioned!

We went in here too.

We went in here too.

Inside the Trojan locker room.

Inside the Trojan locker room. It’s a little blurry but I was really excited about being in the locker room.

I like the graphics.

I like the graphics.

That's me getting all school spirit-y.

That’s me getting all school spirit-y.

When the opposing team comes out of their locker room they see this...

When the opposing team comes out of their locker room and heads to the field they see this first…

...and this.

…then this.

This is walking out to the field.

This is walking out onto the field. This reminds me of Close Encounters of the 3rd Kind when the aliens release the abductees at the end of the movie.

This was very cool part of the tour.

This was a very cool part of the tour.

My brother loves Traveler.

My brother loves Traveler. (Okay, I’m being sarcastic. My brother is not a big fan of Traveler. Traveler is the name of USC’s mascot horse.)

It was an overcast day in May but the grass looks green.

It was an overcast day in May but the grass looks green. The tour was two hours but it didn’t seem that long.

Since USC took over the coliseum tours are available.

Since USC took over the coliseum tours are available.

Some Coliseum articles.

This is a very pretty image I found California Southland. This was before the coliseum was built.

This is a very pretty image I found in California Southland. This was before the coliseum was built.

This is the text that accompanied the cover artwork. That photograph looks like it's from the Southwest Museum and I'm not quite sure why it's included.

This is the text that accompanied the cover artwork. That photograph looks like it’s from the Southwest Museum and I’m not quite sure why it’s included.

Five months after I posted this post I found these images.

Five months after I posted this post I found these images.

cover plus one

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OTHER THINGS AT EXPOSITION PARK

There are many other interesting things at Exposition Park next to the Los Angeles Coliseum.

These statues are pretty cool. They're by Robert Graham. Evidently, they were controversial when first installed.

These statues are pretty cool. They’re by Robert Graham.
Evidently, they were controversial when first installed.  (Photo courtesy Coliseum website.)

On the other side of the Coliseum is the Natural History Museum. The Natural History Museum sits next to this huge rose garden.

On the other side of the Coliseum is the Natural History Museum. The Natural History Museum sits next to this huge rose garden.

It's very pretty in the summer.

It’s very pretty in the summer.

Another view.

Another view.

That's the Science Center back there. I'm pretty sure that's where they have the Space Shuttle.

That’s the California Science Center behind the fountain. I’m pretty sure that’s where they have the Space Shuttle.

My favorite things in the park are these two walls. They were done in 1931 for the Olympic games by Bartolomero (Bartolo) Mako.

My favorite things in the park are two walls. They were done in 1931 for the Olympic games by Bartolomero (Bartolo) Mako.

Some close-ups. I really like the boxers.

Some close-ups. I really like the boxers and the Strongman.

The Coliseum is between the discus thrower and the fencer.

The Coliseum is between the discus thrower and the fencer.

Is that guy carrying LA City Hall? Or the Bovard Administration building at USC?

Is that guy carrying LA City Hall? Or the Bovard Administration Building at USC?

Here's the other one.

Here’s the other one.

On the other side. The side with green pain on the outer wall.

Close up.

These look more ceremonial than the ones on the other side.

These look more ceremonial than the ones on the other side. The bird is a nice touch.

The discuss guy is cool.

The discus guy is cool. I could be him if I were taller, thinner and more athletic.

That horse appears to be the only animal.

The horse is like Traveler in stone.

This is at the entrance to Exposition Park commemorating the 1932 Olympics held at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum.

This is at the entrance to Exposition Park commemorating the 1932 Olympics held at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum.

A couple of months after I did this post one of my lodge brothers let me borrow his ticket for this game. It was great and USC won. My book, The Odd Fellows was released on December 16, 2013.

Six months after I did this post one of my lodge brothers let me borrow his ticket for this game. It was great and USC won! My book, The Odd Fellows was released on December 16, 2013.

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Olympic stadium in Los Angeles. (1931, December). Architectural Record. 70(6), 419-24.

The Los Angeles stadium. (1922, August). California Southland. (32), 8.

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