Los Angeles City Archives Tour

I went on a tour of the Los Angeles City Archives recently. I’m in search of information and photographs for my next book which is also about Southern California architects.

The archives are in a Brutalist’s building on a sketchy street. [translation: I was apprehensive about parking my car on the street.] Those concrete L-shaped forms are balconies.

This is the view from the third floor balcony looking west.

I’m including this because it states the architects’ names (L.W. Davidson & Associates), who I’ve never heard of before, and the year the building was completed (1981).

There was a nice outdoor eating area for employees on the way to the archives.

This is the unassuming entrance.

Everyone who took the tour seemed to be doing research for a book.

There were not a lot of artifacts on display but I liked this one. It was from the Rose Parade to the city of Los Angeles.

Certain items are held in the vault. This is the vault door.

These are in the vault.

This is the kind of information in the registry of licenses.

These items are also in the vault. There are rows and rows and rows and rows and rows of them.

All the papers from the cities that were annexed by Los Angeles including Eagle Rock, Venice and Hollywood are housed in the vault.

Most of the archives are not housed in the vault but rather on steel shelving that goes almost up to the ceiling.

Here’s another view halfway down one of those long aisles.

This was found on the side of the road by Tom LaBonge and donated to the city.

One of the huge (6 feet by 8 feet?) old photographs of Los Angeles that the archive holds. In the upper center is a long stretch of green space. That’s where Disney Hall, The Broad Museum and other buildings would be built. You can see the Dorthy Chandler Pavilion just to the right of the green space.

A more recent view of the city but there’s no Caltrans’ Building yet.

Michael Holland is the city archivist and he led the tour. He did a great job and I enjoyed it very much. Hopefully, they’ll have some material I can use in my next book.

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My book from The History Press, Architects Who Built Southern California, was released on March 11, 2019. It’s 10 chapters with each chapter devoted to a different architect (or architectural firm) including: Harrison Albright, John Austin, Claud Beelman, Elmer Grey, Hudson & Munsell, A. C. Martin, Meyer & Holler, Julia Morgan, Morgan Walls & Clements and Alfred F. Rosenheim.

 

 

Published in: on June 16, 2019 at 6:42 pm  Leave a Comment  

Los Angeles Downtown News interview

The Downtown News interviewed me in conjunction with my book. The interview turned out great!

Here is a link to the article in The Downtown News:

http://www.ladowntownnews.com/news/three-questions-with-an-architectural-historian/article_69a02b82-8ca3-11e9-b380-5b67594c081c.html

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My book from The History Press, Architects Who Built Southern California, was released on March 11, 2019. It’s 10 chapters with each chapter devoted to a different architect (or architectural firm) including: Harrison Albright, John Austin, Claud Beelman, Elmer Grey, Hudson & Munsell, A. C. Martin, Meyer & Holler, Julia Morgan, Morgan Walls & Clements and Alfred F. Rosenheim.

Published in: on June 12, 2019 at 7:12 pm  Leave a Comment  

Frederic Roehrig’s Hotel Green

The Hotel Green, which is also known as Castle Green, had an open house on June 2, 2019. The architect of the hotel is Frederic Roehrig.

This is the brochure handed out at the event.

It has all the information you would ever need to know about the Green Hotel.

The hotel looks idyllic and inviting on this postcard.

Here’s an image of G.G. Green. This image is from Men of the Pacific Coast.

Here’s the hotel on a postcard.

The brochure was full of information.

You enter the grounds of the Hotel Green through this long sidewalk.

The building has a wonderful entrance. It doesn’t disappoint.

This is the lobby. Right inside the door.

The view from the first floor landing of the staircase.

Looking into the lobby from the north.

Looking into the lobby from the south.

There are three large public rooms south of the lobby. This is one of them. It’s the Main Parlor.

This statue was located in the Moorish room. I want it.

The elevator wasn’t in use during the open house. I would have loved to ridden in it. For the experience, of course, but the building has six floors and the steps were exhausting after my initial excitement.

Only one condo had a sign posted with the words “no photography.” Even so I didn’t feel comfortable taking pictures inside people’s residences so I didn’t take any.

The doors to the condos are very simple. I like them.

There was a display case with Hotel Green artifacts and this was one of them. Is it a chamber pot?

This was also in the case. I want this plate.

On the first floor landing was this beautiful print of the establishment.

On the top floor was this wonderful light fixture.

The east building was torn down. It looks out of place to me in this postcard view. Maybe, because it’s built right up to the sidewalk and the massing of the building is too overwhelming?

Here’s another very pretty view on a postcard.

I found this image in Western Architect. It’s the same image that’s on one of the previous postcards.

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Sources

Men of the Pacific Coast: 1902-1903. (1903). San Francisco: The Pacific Art Company.

Green Hotel. (1905, December). Western Architect, (4)12.

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My book from The History Press, Architects Who Built Southern California, was released on March 11, 2019. It’s 10 chapters with each chapter devoted to a different architect (or architectural firm) including: Harrison Albright, John Austin, Claud Beelman, Elmer Grey, Hudson & Munsell, A. C. Martin, Meyer & Holler, Julia Morgan, Morgan Walls & Clements and Alfred F. Rosenheim.

Published in: on June 6, 2019 at 3:24 pm  Leave a Comment  

Society of Architectural Historians book event

I had a book event, sponsored by the Society of Architectural Historians, at the Santa Monica Public Library. It was held on May 19, 2019. The architectural historians posted an article about my event on their website.

They also included an article about my book event in their newsletter.

The event was held at the Santa Monica Public Library. See the photo below.

Courtesy the Santa Monica Public Library archives. Moore Ruble & Yudell are the architects of the building.

The library created very nice handouts for the event.

The library even advertised my presentation in their elevator. How cool!

That’s me at the event.

There was a good turnout too. Maybe, 50 or 60 people.

I was very happy with how the event turned out. Thanks Santa Monica Public Library for hosting the event and thank you Society of Architectural Historians for letting me speak to your organization.

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My book from The History Press, Architects Who Built Southern California, was released on March 11, 2019. It’s 10 chapters with each chapter devoted to a different architect (or architectural firm) including: Harrison Albright, John Austin, Claud Beelman, Elmer Grey, Hudson & Munsell, A. C. Martin, Meyer & Holler, Julia Morgan, Morgan Walls & Clements and Alfred F. Rosenheim.

Published in: on May 20, 2019 at 12:06 am  Leave a Comment  

Skylight Books author event

I had an author event at Skylight Books for my book Architects Who Built Southern California on May 5, 2019. Skylight Books is located at 1818 N. Vermont Ave. in East Hollywood.

Skylight books is housed in a great art deco building on a busy street.

A great mix of people showed up and I liked the people who came out for the event.

They had my books up behind the cashier’s counter. I need to be more animated in my photos. I look like I just woke up from a nap.

Here I am doing my presentation. That’s wonderful Harrison Albright up on the screen.

I enjoyed doing the event and I’m thankful for everyone who showed up. Thanks Skylight Books for hosting the event.

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My book from The History Press, Architects Who Built Southern California, was released on March 11, 2019. It’s 10 chapters with each chapter devoted to a different architect (or architectural firm) including: Harrison Albright, John Austin, Claud Beelman, Elmer Grey, Hudson & Munsell, A. C. Martin, Meyer & Holler, Julia Morgan, Morgan Walls & Clements and Alfred F. Rosenheim.

Published in: on May 3, 2019 at 6:18 am  Leave a Comment  

Last Bookstore book event

I had a book event at the Last Bookstore on April 24th at 7:30 p.m. It was for my book Architects Who Built Southern California.

The bookstore is located in the old Citizens National Bank building which opened in 1915.

The event SOLD OUT. I was amazed. I sold 85 books at this event. Super cool. I immortalized my “sold out” status by taking a picture of my computer screen.

People filling up the seats before the event began.

Me, before the event began. I’m starting to look like a Mexican version of Les Nessman from WKRP in Cincinnati.

My slides and laptop were perfect but there were some challenges with the projector at the location. When I told my academic adviser about the slide show problems she said, “They weren’t there to see your slide show. They were there to see you.” I need her to walk around with me on a daily basis to boost my confidence.

I was amazed at how many people turned out.

Two students who used to work in the library I work in showed up at the event. I was thrilled to see them.

It’s at the corner of Fifth and Spring Streets.

It was a great event. I enjoyed being there and I’m thrilled to meet all these people who are just as excited about the subject of Southern California architecture as I am. Thanks to Tennessee for some of the pictures.

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My book from The History Press, Architects Who Built Southern California, was released on March 11, 2019. It’s 10 chapters with each chapter devoted to a different architect (or architectural firm) including: Harrison Albright, John Austin, Claud Beelman, Elmer Grey, Hudson & Munsell, A. C. Martin, Meyer & Holler, Julia Morgan, Morgan Walls & Clements and Alfred F. Rosenheim.

 

Published in: on April 24, 2019 at 7:37 pm  Leave a Comment  

Robert B. Stacy-Judd’s Aztec Hotel

The Aztec Hotel, on Foothill Boulevard in Monrovia, opened on September 1, 1925. The building’s architect was Robert B. Stacy-Judd.

Photo taken in 2019.

Stacy-Judd was bigger than life. He wrote books, explored the jungles of Mexico and Central America, designed outlandish buildings and married three times. In the 1920s and 1930s he was like the fictional character Indiana Jones but when Stacy-Judd’s life was drawing to a close he lived alone, was broke and almost blind.

When the Aztec originally opened it was also known as the Monrovia Community Hotel.

According to David Gebhard’s book on the architect — Stacy-Judd was born in London on June 21, 1884. His father, Benjamin Stacy-Judd, was a victualer (a person licensed to sell liquor or someone who sells goods to sea going vessels) which, according to Stacy-Judd, meant his father spent a great deal of time away from home peddling goods. Stacy-Judd stated in an unpublished biography that his parents were very strict disciplinarians and adhered to a time-table for the fundamental aspects of life including waking up, meals and bedtime. What Stacy-Judd remembered most about his father was that he enjoyed strolling around London and his father often took him along.

Gebhard’s book states that Stacy-Judd’s education involved a stint at St. Paul’s School in Knightsbridge, London followed by three years at Campsil Glen boarding School in Scotland. He left Campsil Glen and enrolled at Acton College in London when he was about fourteen which would be in 1895. Gebhard states that despite his father’s disapproval Stacy-Judd responded to an advertisement for an architect’s assistant. The architect was James Thompson whose office was located in West-Cliff-on-the-Sea in Sussex. That was in 1901. Stacy-Judd studied under Thompson’s tutelage for four years and finished in 1905 or 1906. After leaving Thompson’s office Stacy-Judd worked for the Great Northern Railroad Company through 1907 then he held various positions before moving to Canada in 1911 and eventually Los Angeles in the winter of 1921/1922.*

Robert B. Stacy-Judd in 1932. Used with permission: Robert Stacy-Judd papers, Architecture and Design Collection. Art, Design & Architecture Museum; University of California, Santa Barbara.

A 1920s article that caught my eye had the sub-heading, “Stacy-Judd and Bride to Explore Mayan Ruins in Yucatan with Dirigible.” The article announced that Stacy-Judd would marry Miss Betty Schofield who was the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. George L. Schofield of Almont Drive in Beverly Hills. The wedding ceremony would take place at the Stacy-Judd designed and Maya inspired First Baptist Church in Ventura (which can be seen on the cover of Gebhard’s book). At the ceremony, the bride wore a navy blue outfit and a corsage of pink camellias and lilies of the valley. She also wore a 2000 year old obsidian and jade pendant “taken from the famous Chicken Itza well in Yucatan, a gift of the bridegroom.”

This was obviously during that transitional archaeological period when explorers still looted some of the riches they found.

The story said after the wedding the two would venture to the Yucatan (for their honeymoon) and search for more treasures and hidden archaeological sites. Their Yucatan honeymoon entourage was scheduled to include a string of motor trucks, a small group of archaeologists, some motion picture cameramen and a small dirigible that could travel above the jungle’s forest.

One of the books Stacy-Judd wrote.

This copy was autographed by him.

The Aztec Hotel. The image is from Pacific Coast Architect.

In an article in Pacific Coast Architect, Stacy-Judd wrote about the design of the building, “As it is not entirely clear what the exact reason was for the peculiar medley of carved pieces, cubes, and the many quaint shapes forming some of the Maya panels, I did not duplicate any particular original panel of the temples, but assembled the curious units to my own fancy.”

He went on to say about the exterior, “The grouping of decorative ornament on the exterior was designed under difficulty. Cost, being a great factor, necessitated curtailment. Yet, there was a large surface to treat. To avoid spottiness, and yet form a continuity, created an aggravating problem. Balance was entirely discarded, as my theory was that the diversification of line would provide a mental link with the next group of ornament.”

Another photo from Pacific Coast Architect. Notice that the building is listed as the Monrovia Community Hotel.

The funding for the building was obtained through subscription. In a newspaper article titled High Budget Marks Set was this sentence, “The Aztec Hotel which is financed by the Community Hotel Corporation a company of citizens who raised the money by popular subscription…”

The hotel opened with a viewing (inspection), which was open to the general public, followed by a dinner-dance in the café which was by invitation only. The hotel was originally constructed with eight apartments and thirty-six rooms. It took almost a year to build and cost approximately $250,000.

Regarding the furnishings in the photographs below — it was reported that Barker Brothers craftsmen, “delved into the history of the ancient tribes of Yucatan and the lower Mexican peninsula and designed each piece of furniture specially to conform with some fancy of the Aztecs, Incas or Toltecs.”

Below are interior images of the lobby

The check-in desk or registration desk is that curved half-wall behind the trestle table.

The hotel is closed but I held my phone up to the front door and took this photograph. In the Pacific Coast Architect article Stacy-Judd said, “The three pendent electric fixtures in the ceilings are original conceptions of mine representing carved stone.”

Stacy-Judd along with Roy Seldon Price and S. Charles Lee, designed many of the homes in Beverly Ridge Estates which is located “above the home of Mary Pickford and Douglas Fairbanks and is less than a mile from the Beverly Hills Hotel.”

Stacy-Judd also designed a notable Masonic Temple at 5124 N. Tujunga Avenue in North Hollywood and the Philosophical Research Center in the Los Feliz neighborhood of Los Angeles.

In 1972 a reporter found Stacy-Judd living in his crumbling San Fernando Valley home — a home Stacy-Judd had designed forty years earlier. An apartment building sat on what used to be the front yard of the home so Stacy-Judd lived in the shadow of the apartment building. According to the reporter the interior was cluttered and stuffed with books, mementos and everything else someone would save over a lifetime. Stacy-Judd was 88 years old at this point and lived on Social Security and welfare aid for the blind. A couple, who had dealt with Stacy-Judd when he was younger and in better financial condition, felt sympathy for him and paid the taxes on his house and helped him with food purchases and his utilities.

The reporter asked Stacy-Judd about his loneliness and his life. This was Stacy-Judd’s response,

“I’ve often tried to figure out what happened…my wife…it was so long ago, I really don’t know. I wanted a family but it seems nature was against me, or the world was. I’ve always loved children and I’m very fond of women; I think they have more sympathy, their hearts are softer…

Now that I can’t see anything, it makes it a little difficult, but it doesn’t bother me. I’ve had some rough times, but I don’t regret anything. It’s been a wonderful life.”

Stacy-Judd died three years later on February 10, 1975.

He’s buried at Forest Lawn in Glendale, California.

I’m not sure what that quote means. There’s a Star Trek episode from 1967 titled “Tomorrow is Yesterday” but I don’t think that’s it. Anything is possible but I’m not seeing Stacy-Judd as a Trekkie.

For more information on Robert Stacy-Judd purchase David Gebhard’s book. That’s the cover above. Gebhard, who was one of the great architectural writers of Los Angeles, details Stacy-Judd’s life and work thoroughly even though his book is a mere 166 pages. Gebhard writes about Stacy-Judd’s fascination with Atlantis and how Stacy-Judd tried to link that mythical continent with the Maya culture. Strange but true. Gebhard also writes about Stacy-Judd’s obsession with creating an American architecture that was based on Maya architecture and looked like Maya architecture. An odd choice for an American architecture but that was what he championed. Stacy-Judd was a showman, like Frank Lloyd Wright, but unlike Wright, Stacy-Judd didn’t know when to cut his losses and move onto a new architectural style.

Stacy-Judd did leave us the Aztec Hotel, though, and for that strange little block in Monrovia we should all be grateful.

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Architect takes bride in Ventura. (1932, February 13). Los Angeles Times, p. A3.

Beverly sites on the market. (1927, November 20). Los Angeles Times, p. E4.

Gebhard, D. Robert Stacy-Judd; Maya architecture and the creation of a new style. Santa Barbara: Capra Press. 1993.

High building marks set throughout district. (1924, November 9). Los Angeles Times, p. E1.

New hotel has opening in Monrovia. (1925, September 6). Los Angeles Times, p. F2.

Robert Stacy-Judd services scheduled. (1975, February 13). Los Angeles Times, p. E18.

Seiler, M. (1972, November 30). Reflections on a life of action. Los Angeles Times, p. E1-E5.

Stacy-Judd, R. (1926, November). Maya Architecture. Pacific Coast Architect, 30 (5), 26-31, 53, 57.

Stacy-Judd, R. B. The Ancient Mayas. Los Angeles: Murray & Gee. 1934.

Student of Aztec history will wed. (1932, February 8). Los Angeles Times, p. A1.

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*A great deal happened during these eleven years according to Gebhard. Stacy-Judd designed numerous buildings in Canada including the Empire Theater in Edmonton, lived in Minnesota and North Dakota where he also designed buildings and was married to a woman named Anna Veronica in Minneapolis in 1917 that he later divorced in 1922.

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My book from The History Press, Architects Who Built Southern California, was released on March 11, 2019. It’s 10 chapters with each chapter devoted to a different architect (or architectural firm) including: Harrison Albright, John Austin, Claud Beelman, Elmer Grey, Hudson & Munsell, A. C. Martin, Meyer & Holler, Julia Morgan, Morgan Walls & Clements and Alfred F. Rosenheim.

Hennessy & Ingalls Book Event

I did a book event (a forty minute presentation and a book signing) at Hennessy & Ingalls.

It’s on Santa Fe in the Arts District.

About fifteen people showed up and almost all of them bought books. YAY!

It went well but I didn’t take any pictures.  Kim Tashman took the pictures below. Thank you Kim!

I enjoyed every minute being there and the guys who work for Hennessy & Ingalls were great.

Thanks to everyone who showed up and to Hennessey & Ingalls for hosting the event. FYI: I am much younger than I appear in these photos.

Published in: on March 31, 2019 at 5:00 pm  Comments (2)  

Vroman’s Author Event

My book Architects Who Built Southern California was released on March 11, 2019 and I had an author event at Vroman’s in Pasadena, California on March 27th.

About thirty people showed up and they were all very nice.

I was a little nervous but everyone was attentive and appeared interested. It helped ease my apprehension.

This photo was taken by Vroman’s Jackie who coordinated my event. She was patient and calming and did a wonderful introduction that included a mention of my fiction book The Odd Fellows which is about the Chupacabra.

Vroman’s has been in Pasadena for a long time. I found this old article about Vroman’s in a 1919 issue of California Southland. That was a 100 years ago. I want all of the furniture in the photograph including the loving cup and the lamp.

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Sources

(1919, April-May). In a book lover’s eyrie. California Southland, 1(4), 14.

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He’s a party dog bought at Vroman’s. Thanks for hosting my event Vroman’s!

 

Published in: on March 28, 2019 at 7:29 pm  Comments (2)  
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Walker & Eisen’s Commercial Exchange Building

The Commercial Exchange Building at dusk.

The Commercial Exchange Building. Photo taken through my car’s windshield.

Work was completed on the Commercial Exchange Building, located at Olive and Eighth Streets, on May 18, 1924 according to the Los Angeles Times. The William Simpson Construction Company was the contractor for the building and Walker & Eisen were the architects. Walker & Eisen were the architectural firm behind The Fine Arts Building (1926), the United Artists Building (1927) which was also known as the California Petroleum Building and the Sunkist Building (1935).

The Commercial Exchange building was a concrete and steel, height limit building which meant it was 150 feet (in reality 160 feet) and the cost of the building was reported to be $650,000. The Times article reported that the Southern California Telephone Company had leased the second and third floors of the building but there were still no occupants for any of the ground floor retail spaces. The offices above the ground floor were divided into one room, two room or three room office suites. The possibility of a large cafeteria in the basement (similar to the Arcade Building’s cafeteria?) was mentioned in the Times but it is unclear if that plan ever moved forward.

Commercial Exchange Building from the California State Library. The Olive Street side is the narrower side.

Then in 1935 because the city wanted to widen Olive Street the building had to be altered. What most owners would have done is simply cut off five feet (the amount the city deemed necessary) from the end of the building on the Olive Street side. Walker & Eisen drew up plans for this possibility but the owner of the building found this option unsatisfactory. Why? Because the end offices were the biggest offices and they were responsible for the highest rents. The Olive Street facade had three offices on each floor from the second floor to the thirteenth floor.

In order to keep those high rent offices intact George R. Kress of the Kress House Moving Company suggested removing 8 and 1/2 feet — near the center of the building — close to the building’s light court. This plan would also keep the building’s ground floor intact, which had been recently occupied by an Owl Drug Store, and not reduce the square footage of the prime retail space.

From Architecture and Engineer December 1935 showing what would be removed.

The removal of 8 and 1/2 feet of the building, approximately fifty feet from the Olive Street side, was seen as a better solution because it would only reduce the size of two offices on each floor and narrow each floor’s hallway in this particular area. Walker & Eisen, according to an article in Southwest Builder and Contractor, weren’t initially convinced the Kress plan would work. Prominent structural engineers of the time Blaine Noice, Murray Erick and Paul Jeffers were consulted along with the California Institute of Technology’s Professor Martel. Eventually, Kress was able to convince all of them that his plan was doable so the work prior to the move was undertaken including the slicing of the building in half, the excavation of the area beneath the basement and the installation of jacks, steel plates, steel rollers and tracks.

Architect and Engineer stated the most important issues regarding the movement of part of the building to the east after the 8 and 1/2 foot section had been removed:

“One, the maintenance of that portion of the building moved in a level and plumb position at all times; two, the supporting of the column footings under which the Kress Company excavated ten feet below the basement floor line; three, the placing of moving equipment under the footings and the construction of reinforced concrete mat sub-footings of such dimensions as to insure perfect floor alignment of the portion of the building not moved with that of the portion moved keeping in mind the fact that the portion moved would be placed on these newly constructed sub-footings, which must support the immediate load to which it would be subjected, and maintain the same without rising a possibility of the slightest degree of settlement.”

A closer view of the section that was removed. From Architect and Engineer December 1935.

Architect and Engineer, whose article relied heavily on the article in Southwest Builder and Contractor, was in awe of what had been accomplished. When the undertaking was completed Architecture and Engineer listed the endeavor’s statistics.

  • The section moved was approximately fifty-five feet by fifty feet.
  • It was thirteen stories and 160 feet tall.
  • The portion moved weighed an estimated 5,000 tons.
  • It took nine hours to move it five feet.
  • Seventy-five men undertook the job with twenty-five devoted to pipes, plumbing and utilities.
  • The section cut out was 8 and 1/2 feet to allow for the over lapping of the steel in the beams and the floor slabs where the building was re-connected.
  • One window replaced two windows where the building was reconnected.
  • “with the exception of a couple of bruised fingers” there were no accidents.
  • The entire process was completed in 80 days.
  • The cost of the procedure was $60,000.

The Commercial Exchange Building, at Eighth and Olive Streets, in March 2019. Notice that the cornice has been removed. [Note: the picture I had here seemed very dark so I lightened it and enriched it with color. Now, it looks like a postcard from the 1940s.]

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Sources

13 story office building cut in half and moved five feet. (1935, December). Architect and Engineer, 123(3), 56-58.

Complete business structure. (1924, May 18). Los Angeles Times, p. D4.

Concrete structure 160 ft. high moved five feet in nine hours. (1935, October 25). Southwest Builder and Contractor, 86 (17), 13-14.

Height-limit building cut for setback lines. (1935, August 29). Los Angeles Times, p. A2.

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Note: I have a book coming out on March 11, 2019 from The History Press titled: The Architects Who Built Southern California. It’s 10 chapters with each chapter devoted to a different architect (or architectural firm) including: Harrison Albright, John Austin, Claud Beelman, Elmer Grey, Hudson & Munsell, A. C. Martin, Meyer & Holler, Julia Morgan, Morgan Walls & Clements and Alfred F. Rosenheim.

Published in: on March 3, 2019 at 9:26 pm  Comments (2)