Church of the Angels

This church is beautiful. More than once I’ve stopped in and said a prayer.

Here’s the earliest image of the church I could find.

This building was designed for an area in Los Angeles County called Garvanza. Garvanza was between Pasadena and Eagle Rock, California. Garvanza evolved into Highland Park but this church is now within Pasadena’s city limits. Note the architect.

In 1883, Robert Alexander Campbell-Johnston* bought part of the Rancho San Rafael. After the land purchase Mr. Campbell-Johnston sailed back to England and left his sons: Conway Seymour, Alexander Napier and Augustine, in charge. According to a book published by the church about the church, when the senior Campbell-Johnston returned to California five years later, “he passed away at the ranch house on January 21st, 1888.”

This is contradicted by an item in the Los Angeles Times dated January 26, 1888.  This article was found under the title:

Johnston Estate: A Rich Englishman Comes to California to Die

The first paragraph in the article contains this sentence.

“Application was made yesterday for letters testamentary in the estate of R.A. Campbell-Johnston, the wealthy Englishman, who possessed a fine ranch in close proximity to the city, and who died quite recently in London, England.”

The second paragraph is about the value of the ranch which was estimated to be in the vicinity of $280,000.

The final paragraph says, in part, “Mr. Johnston, at the time of his death, was 76 years of age, and had proposed to spend the evening of his life with his sons in California, but fate willed it otherwise.”

The Church of the Angels was erected the following year, by his wife Frances E. Campbell-Johnston, as a memorial to him.

The cornerstone for the Church of the Angels was laid on April 20, 1889 and the church was consecrated on September 29, 1889.

*Note: In newspaper reports he was referred to as Robert Alexander Campbell-Johnston, R. A. Campbell-Johnston and Alexander Robert Campbell-Johnston.

The handout, supplied by the church and regarding the history of the church, states the church was designed by England’s Arthur Edmond Street. I contacted the church about Street’s role in the church’s design and Fr. Bob Gaestel said the handout was based on a book published by the church in 1951 titled, Sixty Years: The Church of the Angels, The Bishops’s Chapel which was written by the vicar of the church at the time — Reverend Edwin Moss.

Moss wrote, “Mrs. Alexander Robert Campbell-Johnston desired to erect a church in memory of her husband, she requested Mr. Street to draw the plans after the manner of Hombury St. Mary’s. However, the topography of the land, the site of which had already been chosen, made it advisable to alter and adapt the plans. This work was entrusted to another English architect, Mr. Ernest A. Coxhead, then living in Los Angeles. The adaption was of such a character that a comparison of the two churches reveals an influence rather than a likeness…”

In the book, On the Edge of the World author Richard Longstreth doesn’t even mention Street and claims Ernest Coxhead is the sole architect of the Church of the Angels.

Right from the start Coxhead claimed to be the architect of the church. In the January 11, 1890 issue of American Architect was this brief mention of the church.

I know about Ernest Coxhead because of a wonderful book edited by the great Robert Winter called A Simpler Way of Life. The book is from 1997 and even though I wasn’t writing back then I wish I could have written a chapter for that book.

Here’s an image of Mr. Coxhead. He looks like he should be in a Merchant/Ivory movie.

The landscape around the church is totally empty in this image. It doesn’t look much different now.

These three images are from the journal The Building Review. These images state Coxhead & Coxhead are the architects. Ernest Coxhead had a brother named Almeric who was also an architect. Like all the other architectural journals mentioned in this post, The Building Review ceased publication years ago.

It’s strange that there would be images of the church in this publication, or any publication, in 1919 because it had been thirty years since the church was erected. Maybe, that’s why they did it? Because it had been thirty years?

I found this information in Pacific Coast Architect.
It’s from their “Personal Glimpses” column.

Here’s the rest of the above article. It’s from September 1926.

This is just a snippet of his life but it doesn’t even mention the Church of the Angels.

Who wouldn’t want to go to this church?

If you walked to the church you would probably enter through this arts & crafts style portal.

It looks Romanesque.

Looking out from the church’s porch.

You never see shots of the church from this angle. It looks Tudor from this side.

This beautiful Campbell-Johnston crypt is behind the church. It was designed by Carleton M. Winslow.

The porte-cochere entrance.

That is some entry.

This is the other entrance.

The rafters above this entrance.

The baptismal font in the back of the church.

This arts & crafts mosaic is on a wall at the back of the church.

It hasn’t changed much in 130 years.

I looked for a Coxhead obituary in both the Los Angeles Times and the San Francisco Chronicle but could not find one. I know he died March 27, 1933 but I still came up empty handed. It’s possible one never ran but he was a relatively prominent individual so I would be surprised by that. I did locate one in Architecture and Engineer. It’s below.

Mrs. Frances Campbell-Johnston died in England on November 21, 1893.

Alexander Napier Campbell-Johnston died in 1907.

Augustine Campbell-Johnston died in 1920.

Conway Seymour Campbell-Johnston and his wife died on May 7, 1915. Both drowned when the ocean liner they were traveling on, the Lusitania, was hit by a torpedo off the coast of Ireland.


Thanks to Fr. Bob Gaestel for his help!



Church of the Angels. (1890, May 4). American Architect & Building News, 28(752), plate.

Church of the Angels. (1919, July). The Building Review, 18(1), plates 1-3.

Ernest Coxhead. (1926, September). Pacific Coast Architect, 30(3), 53.

Ernest Coxhead obituary. (1933, April). Architecture and Engineer, 113(1), 51.

Johnston estate: a rich Englishman came to California to die. (1888, January 26). Los Angeles Times, 1.

Longstreth, R. (1998). On the Edge of the World. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Memorial Church of the Angels, Los Angeles, Cal. (1890, January 11). American Architect & Building News, 27(733), 28.

Moss, E. (1951). Sixty years: Church of the Angels — The Bishop’s Chapel.

Public service: city hall, courts. (1915, June 22). Los Angeles Times, II10.


My book from The History Press, Architects Who Built Southern California, was released on March 11, 2019. It’s 10 chapters with each chapter devoted to a different architect (or architectural firm) including: Harrison Albright, John Austin, Claud Beelman, Elmer Grey, Hudson & Munsell, A. C. Martin, Meyer & Holler, Julia Morgan, Morgan Walls & Clements and Alfred F. Rosenheim.

Norman Foote Marsh 1871-1955

Venice of America

I think the main reason I decided to do this post was because I wanted to right a wrong. In many books about the city of Venice (California) there is little mention of the architects who designed the city. Often, either they’re not mentioned at all or if they are — they’re given one line. Most publications attribute Venice of America to Abbott Kinney. While it’s true there would be no Venice, California without Abbott Kinney — Abbott Kinney never obtained a degree in architecture or engineering. Kinney was definitely a man with a vision but somebody had to put that vision on paper and oversee its construction. Marsh & Russell were the men who did that.

From Burdette’s Greater Los Angeles & Southern California Portraits & Personal Memoranda.

Norman Foote March was from the Midwest. Born on July 16, 1871, he grew up in Upper Alton, Illinois which is approximately twenty-five miles north of St. Louis, Missouri. His parents were Ebenezer and Katherine Marsh. A telling indication that Marsh was born in the 19th century can be found in the fact that Marsh was the seventh son born into the Marsh family. At sixteen he graduated from high school and then attended Shurtleff College where he studied art and literature. He did not receive a degree from Shurtleff but he did receive a degree from the University of Illinois. He entered the U of I in 1892 and received a Bachelor of Science degree, from the college of engineering and school of architecture, in 1897. Upon graduation he obtained a job at the American Luxfer Prism Company in Chicago. He worked for Luxfer for three years before he headed west.

In 1900 Marsh arrived in Los Angeles and formed a brief partnership with a man named J.N. Preston. Their firm was known as Preston & Marsh and lasted for one year. Immediately afterwards Marsh teamed up with Clarence H. Russell. That firm was known as Marsh & Russell and the two were partners until 1907.

It was during this partnership that Marsh & Russel were hired by Abbott Kinney to design Venice of America. Venice was built upon sand dunes and swamp land. In a Los Angeles Times article dated July 31, 1904 the initial construction was detailed.

“Architects Marsh & Russell are preparing the working drawings of the proposed buildings to be erected for Abbot Kinney on his ocean frontage near Ocean Park.” A wharf, 800 feet long, was one of the improvements mentioned in the article along with the excavation and cement work necessary for all the buildings and canals. Even though it was only 1904 the entire area was slated to have electricity so the components necessary to power the new city were in the process of being installed. The article ended with this line, “The improvements as a whole will involve a large amount of capital.”

The History of California contains the biographies of many prominent Californians from the first decades of the 20th Century. In this publication, which was published within ten years of Venice’s completion, Marsh & Russell are listed as the architects of Venice. This is what it says:

From A History of California.

This is from the 1906 Los Angeles City Directory. Their offices were in the Stimson Building. Lucky them.

This article is from a 1906 issue of Architectural Record. Here, not only are the architects credited in the text for the design of Venice but they are also credited in the photographs too. For the record, Venice of America opened on July 4, 1905.

Abbott Kinney from A History of California.

Dreams, Disappointments and Hope.

In a LA Times article from 1907 titled “Dreams and Disappointments and Hope,” Abbot Kinney said he wanted to build an ideal city. One that was built upon artistic lines and one that would be “partly for study, partly for recreation and partly for health.” Now, there is some irony in that statement because Kinney amassed his fortune from cigarettes. Kinney was a partner in the Kinney Brothers Tobacco Company and their number one, best-selling, rolled cigarette was the Sweet Caporal. The brothers would eventually merge with the American Tobacco Company in 1890 and that merger resulted in the two Kinney brothers receiving $5 million dollars in stock from the American Tobacco Company.

The merger also allowed Kinney the opportunity to travel around the world. When he arrived in Southern California he discovered his asthma practically disappeared so he decided to stay in the Southland.

Kinney couldn’t remember when the idea for Venice of America came to him but he originally wanted to call the city St. Mark’s. Unfortunately, whenever Kinney revealed his plans to create a city called St. Mark’s — no one that he disclosed his plans to — connected St. Mark’s with Venice. Annoyed, he scrapped the St. Mark’s name and decided on Venice of America instead.

Kinney stated: “My idea was to build a city that would be for recreation and learning. I thought of a university town — I had lived in Heidelberg — only by the sea where people could relax and enjoy this glorious air and at the same time be in a certain atmosphere of culture.”

Venice didn’t turn out the way Kinney wanted. He wanted art and refinement. Instead, he ended up with a midway filled with sideshows and barkers. Kinney confessed that his goal may have been too high but he had come to terms with the midway and said, “it isn’t so bad.”

When asked why he didn’t name the city after himself, Kinney said the pharaohs in Egypt had built pyramids “to perpetuate their memories forever” yet people forgot how to read the language in which their achievements were documented. He then asked rhetorically, “What do you think the chances are for my being remembered?”

Abbott Kinney died of lung cancer on November 4, 1920. He’s buried at Woodlawn Cemetery in Santa Monica.

His family is there with him.

Below are some postcards of Venice.

Architect and Engineer claims Marsh & Russell designed this roller coaster ride too.

This is what the interior of the Ship Cafe looked like.

The reverse of the previous card.

I want to go here but it’s not there anymore.

Venice in 2020. The partial remains of the main thoroughfare, Windward Avenue.

I suspect tenants can go up on the roof of this building. It’s a block from the Pacific Ocean.

Directly across the street from the salmon colored building (South) is this building.

This building has a Touch of Evil inspired mural on the side. Touch of Evil is a 1958 movie which starred Charlton Heston, Janet Leigh and Orson Welles. Part of the movie was filmed in Venice.

There were lots of people and cars so it wasn’t easy to get a good shot of the mural. It’s very appropriate for the location.

The uneven side of the building. ?

All of the column capitals have figural representations. This is one example.

This building is located across the street (East) from the salmon colored building and before the hanging Venice sign in the first photograph.

A column capital with a different figural image. The mustache is a great touch.

The story of Venice’s evolution over the years is told in most books about the city. Briefly, financial problems in the early 1920s led to an annexation vote. The vote resulted in Venice becoming a part of Los Angeles. After Venice was annexed Los Angeles filled in many of the canals due to liability issues. In 1947 the Los Angeles earthquake plan resulted in the destruction of most of the buildings along Windward Ave. Many of the buildings that remained had their second, third and fourth stories removed for safety reasons. 😦

Other Buildings

I found this Marsh & Russell house in an issue of Western Architect.

I wasn’t quite sure I liked this house but the wood details in the gables, the big brackets and that “X” style fence along the front won me over.

This image is from a 1912 issue of Architect and Engineer. Norman Foote Marsh, architect.

Architect and Engineer referred to this building as “the magnificent Columbia Hospital, a Los Angeles structure, said by experts to be the finest building of its type West of New York.”

The History of California said of this building, “This hospital is modern in every detail and is equipped with every modern device known to science, including a system for washing the air as it enters the building, thus rendering it absolutely clean and scientifically pure.”

I couldn’t find the location of this building so I looked through Los Angeles city directories. I wanted to locate where it was built so I could find out if it was still there.

There it is. This is from the 1912 Los Angeles City Directory.

It had a name change. That’s why I couldn’t find it. This is from the 1913 Los Angeles City Directory.

I bought this postcard online.

Marsh spent most of his career designing schools, libraries and churches. Here are just a few of his buildings. The following six images are from Architect and Engineer.

The University of Redlands

The city of Redlands agreed to donate forty acres of land for a university, being spearheaded by a local Baptist congregation, on the condition $200,000 was raised for the construction of the buildings. On October 24, 1908 the LA Times announced that $240,000 had been raised and the city had donated the forty acres. The congregation had raised the money through an appeal to Baptist churches from around the state yet they still wanted to raise another $60,000 and felt they could achieve this final goal by going to Baptist churches in San Diego, Pasadena and Redlands for the money.

Norman F. Marsh had been selected as the architect and the trustees wanted a layout that was symmetrical. The buildings Marsh designed would be classical in style and constructed of concrete. Many would have brick veneers. The first five buildings slated to be erected were a woman’s dormitory, a gymnasium, the school of fine arts, the president’s mansion and the administration building. The plan was to have all the buildings lead up to the administration building which would be at the center of campus and be seen as the crown of the university.

On April 12, 1909 there was a half hour, ground breaking ceremony attended by 200 people that included the president of the university, Dr. J. N. Field. When the first shovel of dirt was turned the entire gathering broke into the song, “Nearer, My God to Thee.”

The corner-stone for the administration building was put into place on June 21, 1909 in front of a crowd of 300. The ceremony was overseen by the state’s Grand Lodge of Masons. The program began with a band selection followed by the invocation. Dr. J. N. Field delivered the welcome address and then gave a progress report regarding the university.

The corner-stone itself was four feet long, two feet high and 18 inches deep. It was inscribed with the words “Administration Building 1909.” A copper box was placed inside the cornerstone. Its contents included: a history of the First Baptist Church of the Redlands, a list of members of the church, the names of the building committee, a copy of the first booklet issued by the University of Redlands, a copy of the speech given by Dr. J.N. Field at the December 7, 1906 Baptist convention, and copies of the Pacific Baptist, the Redlands Daily Facts and the Redlands Daily Review.

After the corner-stone and copper box were in place there was another band selection followed by the keynote address given by Rev. F. B. Matthews, pastor of the Baptist Church of the Redlands.

The University officially opened on September 30, 1909 but students didn’t immediately move onto campus. Classes were held at the local Baptist church instead but there were only fifty-one students enrolled at this juncture. The university wasn’t ready for occupancy until January 27, 1910 and the administration building was officially dedicated on February 10, 1910. After the administration building’s dedication ceremony — ground was broken for Bekins Hall.

Photo courtesy of University of Redlands.

Administration Building. Photo courtesy of University of Redlands.

Administration Building. Photo courtesy of University of Redlands.

Photos courtesy of University of Redlands.

Bekins Hall. Photo courtesy of University of Redlands.

Fine Arts Building. Photo courtesy of University of Redlands.

Fine Arts Building. Photo courtesy of University of Redlands.

Marsh married Cora Mae Cairns on January 23, 1901 in Polo, Illinois. The couple had two children, Norman LeRoy Marsh and Marion Elizabeth Marsh. Their long time home was located at 1934 Milan Avenue in South Pasadena. His office, in the year 1915, was located in the Broadway Central Building. He was head of the firm Marsh, Smith & Powell for many years but retired in 1945. In 1951 Norman and Cora Mae Marsh celebrated their golden wedding anniversary. The event was hosted by their two children and held in South Pasadena; 150 guests attended.

Marsh was a 32nd degree Mason and was seen as a progressive citizen. He was also chairman of the board of trustees for the Memorial Baptist Church in South Pasadena.

Marsh died on September 5, 1955. He was living in a sanatorium at the time of his death and died after a brief illness. He was 84.

Marsh, Smith & Powell designed this South Pasadena Post Office in 1932.


A special thanks to Jill Prestup, president of the Venice Historical Society, for answering my questions concerning certain aspects of Venice history.

Thanks also to Jennifer Alvarado for the photos of the University of Redlands.


Administration building open. (1910, February 10). Los Angeles Times, II11.

Big fountain for Venice. (1905, July 19). Los Angeles Times, II9.

Burdette, R. J. (Ed.). (1910). Greater Los Angeles & Southern California portraits & personal memoranda. Los Angeles: The Lewis Publishing Company.

By builders and architects. (1904, July 31). Los Angeles Times, D2.

By builders and architects. (1905, August 6). Los Angeles Times, V22.

Carr, H. C. (1907, March 17). Dream and disappointment and hope of Venetian doge. Los Angeles Times, II1.

Corner-stone put in place. (1909, June 22). Los Angeles Times, II9.

Deluge the president: scheme presented by speaker at Long… (1905, September 29). Los Angeles Times, II7.

Future bright for university. (1908, October 25). Los Angeles Times, V1.

Gnerre, S. (2018, May 20). South Bay History: why Wilmington once had its own city hall. Daily Breeze.

Guinn, J. M. (1915). A history of California and an extended history of Los Angeles and environs. Los Angeles: Historic Record Company.

Harper, F. (1915). Who’s who on the Pacific Coast. Los Angeles: Harper Publishing Company.

Moran, T. & Sewell, T. (1980). Fantasy by the Sea. Culver City: Peace Press.

New Venice bursts on illumined sea. (1905, July 2). Los Angeles Times, II1.

Norman Foote Marsh, 84, retired architect dies. (1955, September 6). Los Angeles Times, A12.

Post office architects appointed. (1932, December 4). Los Angeles Times, 17.

Redlands University. (1909, June 16). Los Angeles Times, II9.

Residence in Los Angeles, California. (1905, December). Western Architect, 4(12), supplement.

Stanton, J. (1980). Venice of America 1905-1930. Venice: ARS Publications.

Students move to new home. (1910, January 27). Los Angeles Times, II11.

University has its beginnings. (1909, April 20). Los Angeles Times, 13.

University is opened. (1909, September 30). Los Angeles Times, II11.

Venice of America. (1904, November 13). Los Angeles Times, 9.

Venice of America. (1904, November 22). Los Angeles Times, A9.

Venice of America (1905, January 29). Los Angeles Times, V24.

Willey, D.A. (1906, October). An American Venice. Architectural Record, 20(4), 347-351.

Wolfe, W.C. (Ed.). (1901). Men of California 1900-1902. San Francisco: The Pacific Art Company.

The work of Norman F. Marsh. (1912, December). Architect and Engineer, 31(2), 46-66.


My book from The History Press, Architects Who Built Southern California, was released on March 11, 2019. It’s 10 chapters with each chapter devoted to a different architect (or architectural firm) including: Harrison Albright, John Austin, Claud Beelman, Elmer Grey, Hudson & Munsell, A. C. Martin, Meyer & Holler, Julia Morgan, Morgan Walls & Clements and Alfred F. Rosenheim.

This post isn’t about Clarence H. Russell but he did design a library that I’ve frequented. That’s the Cahuenga Branch of the Los Angeles Public Library.

There is a round kiosk in front of the library that even mentions him.

The Stimson Block circa 1950. C. H. Brown, architect. It opened in 1893. From the California State Library. Arnold Hylen Collection.

The Stimson Block circa 1900. Also from the California State Library.

Morgan Walls & Clements on West 7th Street

The Churrigueresque panel above the entrance of the 7th and Grandview Building.

My favorite Los Angeles architectural firm is Morgan, Walls & Clements who designed numerous buildings along West 7th Street near Westlake Park.

Note: for non Angelenos, Westlake Park’s name was changed in 1942 to MacArthur Park.

In this post, I’ve included four different articles that described new (at the time) Morgan, Walls & Clements buildings in the Westlake Park area. The first article is from an issue of Southwest Builder and Contractor dated October 12, 1923. In it, the writer used the firm’s old name of Morgan, Walls & Morgan which was in use from 1910-1922 but in 1923 the firm changed its name to Morgan, Walls & Clements.

Here is a view of the corner of 7th and Grandview from Pacific Coast Architect.

From Pacific Coast Architect. The telephone lines were still above ground.

The complex in June 2020.

A straight-forward view.

The Grandview Street side view.

Detail of the Churrigueresque on Grandview Street.

The other tower.

Detail on the less ornate tower.

In the last paragraph of the Southwest Builder and Contractor article the Hite Building is described. Below are some images of that building. The address for this building is 2525 West Seventh Street.

From Southwest Builder and Contractor.

The Hite Building from Pacific Coast Architect March 1924.

This romanticized image of the Hite Building appeared on the cover of the August 1924 issue of California Southland.

If you look at the first Pacific Coast Architect image of the Hite Building you can see where this chocolate store is situated along the building’s colonnade. The circle is the key.

Hite Building interior photo from Pacific Coast Architect.

Here is the Hite Building in 2020. 😦

Here’s another view.

This second article is from the November 16, 1923 issue of Southwest Builder and Contractor.

I had a hard time locating this Bilicke Building because there is a Bilicke Building located at 3225 Wilshire Blvd which has a 1940s facade and I thought, maybe, the Morgan Walls & Clements’ Bilicke Building had been remodeled but the text from the Southwest Builder and Contractor article and the text that accompanies the photograph above indicate this Bilicke Building was across the street from the 7th & Grandview Building.

I wanted to make sure so I looked through old building permit records.

The address is right. It’s listed as 2310 W. 7th Street and this whole block is the 2300 block of West 7th Street. Notice that the owner of the building is the Bilicke Estate. Albert C. Bilicke was president of the Alexandria Hotel and had worked at the Hollenbeck Hotel. He drowned when the Lusitania was torpedoed in 1915.

Bilicke and his wife were able to get into one of the Lusitania’s lifeboats but it capsized as it was being lowered. Once in the water, his wife clung to a large piece of wood for four hours and was rescued. Bilicke’s body was never found. Bilicke was on his way to Europe to recover from an abdominal operation. Image from Notables of the Southwest.

Below are some images of the Bilicke Building’s Richelieu Cafe after it was finished. The first three are from a magazine called Architect.

The following photo is somewhat “fuzzy” but I’ve noticed in some of these early architectural publications the photographers tried for “artistic” shots, though, low light could have been a factor too.

The above image of the Richelieu is from Pacific Coast Architect, March 1924.

Another image of the Richelieu from Pacific Coast Architect, March 1924.

So the way this part of West 7th Street was set up was like this: The 7th and Grandview Building was situated in the 2200 block of West 7th Street. Across Grandview Street, in the 2300 block of West 7th Street, was the Bilicke Building and next to the Bilicke Building was the Spencer Thorpe Building. The Spencer Thorpe Building was also in the 2300 Block of West 7th Street. In April 1924 the Southern California chapter of the American Institute of Architects selected the Spencer Thorpe Building as the best designed building erected in the past year.

The following five images of the Spencer Thorpe Building are from Pacific Coast Architect.

The Bilicke Building, Richelieu Cafe and Spencer Thorpe Building no longer exist. They were demolished and the MacArthur Park Elementary School now occupies the site.

MacArthur Park Elementary School.

California Southland was a journal published between the years 1918-1929. It was a “booster” publication so many of the articles are a bit “over-the-top” in their praise of everything California but there is a wealth of information in the publication. The following article is from September 1924.

The middle photograph on the second page is the McKinley Building. The following five images of the McKinley Building are from Pacific Coast Architect.

These images are from 1924.

And there was a restaurant too.

It looks like Casa Felipe sold chocolates on the side. This page had two photos. One on top and one on the bottom. The top photo was about something completely different so I eliminated that photo along with the text.

The McKinley Building.

I found the McKinley Building. It’s missing the ornament at the roof-line but is still in good shape. The building’s address is 2510 West Seventh Street.

Window detail.

More window detail. I bet it’s terra-cotta.

Here is an illustration of the building from Pacific Coast Architect. In the bottom left corner is the name John V. Koester.

I found Koester in the LA City Directory for 1921.

The building with the curtains and the awning was what I was interested in.

I found this image in another issue of PCA. The text refers to the building as the Cobb Building and also mentions that the store on the ground floor is the Marshall Laird Shop.

These photos are revealing because they indicates that at one time there was a patio-like entrance at the Cobb Building and for Marshall Laird’s shop.

That’s it. The Cobb Building. The address is different but that’s the same building. Today, the address is 2859-2861 West 7th Street.

Even though it’s been altered that’s still a beautiful entry.


I did not find the 7th and Grandview Building, the McKinley Building or the Cobb Building in the Los Angeles list of Historic Cultural Monuments. That’s unfortunate. Hopefully, all three will be safe from destruction in the coming years.


A storefront in Los Angeles. (1924, August). California Southland, 6(56), cover.

Duncombe, A. (1924, September). Beautiful architecture a magnate for trade. California Southland, 6(57), 7-8.

Hewitt, H. (1924, March). Is good architectural design a paying investment and how much does it cost. Pacific Coast Architect, 25(3), 5-17.

Los Angeles City Directory. (1921). Los Angeles: Los Angeles Directory Company.

Marshall Laird shop; Olive J. Cobb building. (1925, April). Pacific Coast Architect, 27(4), 29, 32.

Richelieu Cafe. (1924, July). Architect, The, 2(4), plates: 78, 79 & 80.

Seares, M. U. (1924, September). The expert is worthy of his hire. California Southland, 6(57), 9-11.

Shop building awarded high honors. (1924, April 20). Los Angeles Times, D3.

Shops in Los Angeles: the works of Morgan, Walls & Clements. (1924, April). Pacific Coast Architect, 25(4), 11-24.

Some fine interiors. (1924, March). Pacific Coast Architect, 25(3), 25-33.

Store building on west Seventh Street at Carondelet. (1923, October 12). Southwest Builder and Contractor, 61(15), 36-37.

West Seventh St. store and cafe building. (1923, November 16). Southwest Builder and Contractor, 61(20), 36.


My book from The History Press, Architects Who Built Southern California, was released on March 11, 2019. It’s 10 chapters with each chapter devoted to a different architect (or architectural firm) including: Harrison Albright, John Austin, Claud Beelman, Elmer Grey, Hudson & Munsell, A. C. Martin, Meyer & Holler, Julia Morgan, Morgan Walls & Clements and Alfred F. Rosenheim.


American Bungalow 2020

I did a short story for American Bungalow. It concerns building styles and a course I took recently at a local university.

It’s published under my pen name Guillermo Luna which translates as William Moon.

This is one of the postcards they didn’t use in the article.

I’ve always liked American Bungalow because of the photographs of bungalow interiors. It’s a fantastic magazine and their website is

I’m happy with the way the story turned out.


My book from The History Press, Architects Who Built Southern California, was released on March 11, 2019. It’s 10 chapters with each chapter devoted to a different architect (or architectural firm) including: Harrison Albright, John Austin, Claud Beelman, Elmer Grey, Hudson & Munsell, A. C. Martin, Meyer & Holler, Julia Morgan, Morgan Walls & Clements and Alfred F. Rosenheim.

Pierce Brothers

The Pierce Brothers Mortuary, located at 720 West Washington in Los Angeles, opened in 1923. The architects of the building were Meyer & Holler who were also known as the Milwaukee Building Company. They were solely responsible for the architecture, engineering, decorating and construction of the establishment. A description of the building was released in the press prior to its opening and the style of the building was described as “semi-formal Italian renaissance.” The Los Angeles Conservancy disagrees and deems the style as Spanish Colonial Revival with a Churrigueresque arch over the entrance on Washington Boulevard.

Pierce Brothers Mortuary. Photo courtesy Historic Places LA.

One of the central features of the mortuary was a large lobby which overlooked a garden. It also contained offices, a chapel, numerous reception rooms, and a large garage built at the rear of the building for use by mourners.

This was the Washington Street entrance for the chapel. Photograph used with the permission of UCLA and the Will Connell collection.

The lobby at Pierce Brothers. Photograph used with the permission of UCLA and the Will Connell collection.

The Chapel at Pierce Brothers. Notice the round windows. Photograph used with the permission of UCLA and the Will Connell collection.

The business was founded by Frederick E. Pierce and William H. Pierce. Fred arrived in Los Angeles in 1881 and was listed as a veterinary surgeon in the 1900 census. William went to Sacramento in 1880 first and then moved to Los Angeles in 1884. Before the mortuary business William owned a furniture store and a livery stable in the old plaza district which is the current location of Olvera Street.

This is Pierce from Greater Los Angeles and Southern California’s Portraits and Personal Memoranda published in 1910.

Fred Pierce from Men of California published in 1926.

In 1902 the brothers started their mortuary business when they erected a two story building at 810-812 South Flower Street. This building was 142 x 60 feet and the first floor of this building was dedicated entirely to funeral services. It contained a chapel that could seat up to seventy-five people, reception rooms, show rooms, offices and “two guests’ chambers for the accommodation of those who desire to remain with deceased friends.” The second floor was devoted solely to the “business aspects” of the mortuary and was the location for all the equipment necessary for preparing the deceased for internment.

William H. Pierce

Photo and text from Who’s Who in Los Angeles County 1932-33.

According to city directories a third brother joined the firm in 1930. That year Clarence W. Pierce became the treasurer for the mortuary. Clarence came to Los Angeles in 1894 to attend the University of Southern California and graduated in 1898 with a medical degree. In 1902 when his brothers were opening their first mortuary, Clarence was the police surgeon of Los Angeles. That same year he traveled to Boston to marry Florence Loring Cook who had visited the Southland three years earlier.

Clarence Pierce courtesy Los Angeles Pierce College.

The Pierce Brothers Mortuary on Washington handled many celebrity funerals over the years including Thelma Todd’s. [In coverage of her funeral it was noted that at Todd’s service Todd was dressed in a 2 piece, blue silk, pajama set for her viewing. That would have been something to see.]

The service that caught my eye, though, was for Wyatt Earp. Earp died in January 1929 and was a former U.S. Marshal in both Dodge City and Tombstone. His friends included Wild Bill Hickok and Bat Masterson. At Erp’s funeral, western silent film stars William S. Hart and Tom Mix were pallbearers.

From the 1928 Los Angeles City Directory.

Fred E. Pierce died September 26, 1928. He was survived by his brothers, William and Clarence, along with two other brothers, Marcus and Herbert, and a sister, Catherine. Fred was a past exalted ruler of the ELKS and his service was held at the 99 lodge of the B.P.O.E. — across from Westlake Park. Over 2,500 people showed up for the service but unfortunately the lodge room only held 1,500 so a thousand people didn’t get in. After the service the procession to the cemetery extended for over a mile. Fredrick E. Pierce was buried at Forest Lawn in Glendale, California.

Fred Pierce had his service here — in Claud Beelman’s Elks’ Lodge across from Westlake Park.

William H. Pierce was on the Los Angeles City Council from 1898-1902. He was a member of the City Planning Commission, City Traffic Commission and the Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce. His son, Dr. Sterling Pierce, who was the chief of staff at California Lutheran Hospital died in an automobile accident in December 1938. Three months later William H. Pierce died at Chase Sanatorium. Most newspaper accounts claimed it was the demise of his son that led to William H. Pierce’s death. William H. Pierce was buried at the San Jacinto Valley Cemetery in San Jacinto, California.

At the start of World War II, Clarence ran for the Los Angeles School Board and won. After becoming a board member he urged the city to buy 392 acres in Woodland Hills for a branch of the city’s community college system. Clarence Pierce thought the city’s youth lacked agricultural knowledge so in 1947, in honor of his vision, the Clarence W. Pierce School of Agriculture opened. Pierce died in 1953 and three years later the school’s named was shortened to Los Angeles Pierce College. Clarence Pierce was buried at Valhalla Memorial Park which sits in both North Hollywood and Burbank, California. [It sits on the boundary line.]

Clarence Pierce is buried at Valhalla.

Clarence Pierce courtesy Los Angeles Pierce College.

In 1958 Pierce Brothers Mortuary was the largest funeral home business in the United States. Mark A. Pierce, who was Fredrick Pierce’s son, announced on December 23, 1958 that all of the Pierce Brothers’ businesses including the mortuaries, crematorium, insurance company and Valhalla Memorial Park had been sold to a group headed by Joe L. Allbritton who was a Texas businessman. The price paid was not revealed.

The Washington building was used in recent years as a church. In 2018 a fire engulfed the facility.

The three photos below were taken March 29, 2020.

The building is surrounded by fencing to keep people out.

When I took the three pictures above I knew I wanted to do a blog post on the Pierce Brothers Mortuary. I started writing a post on April 17, 2020 but the proceeding three pictures were dark and rainy and depressing. My professional opinion of those first three photographs that I took was: they’re not very good. I wanted photographs that were bright and sunny and showed off the building in the best light so I went back to take more photographs after I had begun to write the post. When I went back I realized something was wrong. The following photos were taken between April 22 and April 30, 2020.

The Churrigueresque arch over the Washington Street entrance.

I stuck the lens of my camera though a gap in the fence and took this photo. This was the garden area adjacent to the large lobby.

Photo taken from the rear of the building.

It looks like they’re tearing the building down. 😦

After 97 years the tower is almost gone.

The tower is gone.

The following pictures were taken on May 2, 2020.

I stuck my arm through a gap in the fence, pointed the camera west and clicked the shutter button. I couldn’t see what I was taking a picture of but it came out in focus. YAY! To orient yourself with this image look at the first photograph in this post.

From the 1928 Los Angeles City Directory.

R.I.P. Pierce Brothers Mortuary. You were a beautiful Meyer & Holler building.

UPDATE: I emailed Erik Van Breene at the Los Angeles Conservancy and he said, “My understanding is that they are saving a portion of the Chapel and facade that are stabilized.” This is good news! At least part of the building will survive. YAY!



I want to extend a special thanks to Will Connell (1898-1961) who took the photographs of the Pierce Brothers building. If he hadn’t taken these pictures there would be no record of this building when it was new. Everyone who lives in Los Angeles should be thankful Will Connell was out there taking photographs and documenting Los Angeles and the Southland.



Burdette, R. J. (Ed.). 1910. Greater Los Angeles & Southern California portraits & personal memoranda. Los Angeles: The Lewis Publishing Company.

Clarence W. Pierce, founder Pierce College. Accessed 4/19/2020 from

Deaths. (1928, September 29). Los Angeles Times, 16.

Detwiler, J.B. (Ed.). (1929). Who’s who in California 1928-1929. San Francisco: Who’s Who Publishing Company.

Doings of builders and architects. (1902, October 19). Los Angeles Times, A1.

Elks arrange Pierce rites. (1928, September 28). Los Angeles Times, A13.

Earp buried by old west. (1929, January 17). Los Angeles Times, A2.

Friends from all walks of life pay final tribute at Thelma Todd’s funeral. (1935, December 20). Los Angeles Times, 9.

Gone East to marry. (1902, October 10). Los Angeles Times, A3.

Lang, C. J. (Ed.). (1933). Who’s who in Los Angeles county 1932-1933. Los Angeles: Whos Who in Los Angeles County.

Last rites for Pierce conducted. (1928, September 30). Los Angeles Times, B3.

Millions in buildings planned for Southland. (1923, September 16). Los Angeles Times, VI.

Pierce Brothers Mortuary. Los Angeles Conservancy. Accessed April 19, 2020 from:

Rasmussen, C. (1998, September 20). A lively business in funerals. Los Angeles Times.

Sale announced of all Pierce Bros. companies. (1958, December 24). Los Angeles Times, B3.

Tamer of the wild west dies. (1929, January 14). Los Angeles Times, A1.

W. H. Pierce, mortuary founder, dies. (1939, February 24). Hollywood Citizen News.

Will Connell papers, 1928-1961, at UCLA.

Wolfe, W.C. (Ed.). (1926). Men of California. Los Angeles: Western Press Reporter, Inc.


My book from The History Press, Architects Who Built Southern California, was released on March 11, 2019. It’s 10 chapters with each chapter devoted to a different architect (or architectural firm) including: Harrison Albright, John Austin, Claud Beelman, Elmer Grey, Hudson & Munsell, A. C. Martin, Meyer & Holler, Julia Morgan, Morgan Walls & Clements and Alfred F. Rosenheim.

Bakewell & Brown’s Pasadena City Hall

Pasadena’s City Hall is one of the most photographed buildings in Southern California.

When standing at the base it’s like a huge monument to democracy.

It’s hard to get the whole building in one shot.

This is the best I could do. I was crazy even to take this shot because I was standing in the middle of the street and we all know what California drivers are like.

Inside the entrance is a vestibule.

The vestibule contains this clock which sits at the entrance to the exterior courtyard.

The vestibule has a barrel ceiling with rosettes. It also contains numerous light fixtures like the one above. Notice the medieval towers above the fleur-de-lis on the light fixture.

The courtyard contains a large fountain.

The courtyard is beautifully designed with towers and an arcade.

This is the view from across the street looking at the back of city hall.

Yet, it wasn’t always intended to look like this. Below is the competitive drawing that won Bakewell & Brown the city hall commission. The firm had already designed San Francisco’s City Hall, which was completed in 1916, so that probably gave them a leg up on the competition.

The original design was influenced by the missions. I don’t like it. Image courtesy Architect and Engineer.

John Bakewell, Jr. wrote an article for Architecture and Engineer. In it he described the process in which his firm, Bakewell and Brown, were selected as the firm to design the city hall. According to Bakewell, Pasadena contacted ten firms and asked them to submit plans. Each plan was “keyed” and then the drawings were submitted for consideration anonymously. The selection committee was comprised of George Ellery Hale, Stuart W. French, Ernest J. Batchelder, Robert D. Farquhar and Pierpont Davis. After the selection committee made their decision the firms not chosen were given payment for their submissions.

The Chicago firm of (Edward) Bennett, (William) Parsons and (Harry) Frost were the men behind Pasadena’s Beaux-Arts civic center plan which was drawn up in 1923 and included three buildings. The city hall was at the center of the plan. The library was the second building in the configuration which was north of city hall and designed by Myron Hunt and H.C. Chambers. The civic auditorium was the third building and was located south of city hall and designed by Edwin Bergstrom, Cyril Bennett and Fitch Haskell.

A call for construction bids went out on January 4, 1926 and by this date an ornamental observational dome (referred to at the time as a tower) was already part of the new city hall design. Two months earlier the dome had tentatively been approved but it was quickly rescinded when citizens complained about the cost. While a bond issue had raised over $3 million for the construction of the three buildings it wouldn’t be sufficient to erect all three. Yet, in the end the city decided to spend the money for the dome which would raise the cost of the building.

The following images are all from Architect and Engineer.

Bakewell explained the change in design for city hall:

“In the original, or competition design for this building, an entirely different central motive was used from that finally adopted. A comparison of the two designs is interesting. The first, or abandoned design, was strikingly original and apparently of great promise. However, it is easy to imagine that its study would offer many difficulties. In order to make its mass truly impressive, as was very necessary on account of the size of the building and the scale of the whole civic center scheme, it would have to grow much larger than the original drawings showed it.”

Bakewell also wrote,

“The fact that it was not the front piece for a building but the central motive of a long façade made it questionable whether a pierced wall design, no matter how massive that wall should be made, could fulfill its purpose. The perspective effects might have been very picturesque, but on the other hand they might readily have been grotesque when seen from certain angles. The design of the dome that was actually used has the great advantage that its mass is preponderant and consequently counts from every point of view. It actually forms a marking point for the center of the city and a fitting termination to the broad avenue of approach to the civic center.”

Bakewell continued,

“However, the idea of a portal has not been lost and the present design probably owes it openness to the earlier idea. It still remains as an open portal leading into the patio and converts the patio into a veritable garden vestibule for the whole building, instead of an inclosed [sic] court. This feeling of airiness and openness has been preserved in the dome that the central mass supports.” From Architect and Engineer, pages 37-38.

Bakewell saw the arcade that runs along the east side of the patio as a stop gap measure.

“The scheme consists of a large single court, or patio, with a narrow ribbon of a building running completely around it, the whole forming a hollow rectangle. The rear of this rectangle is at present left open and the scheme cannot be considered as completed until it is closed in by the future extension of the building across this side, for which provision has been made. While the garden court, or patio, will not be completed until the extension of the building along Euclid Avenue entirely closes it in, a temporary arcade has been built along this street connecting the circulations of the first and second floors. This arcade is, perhaps, a little uninteresting as it stands today and it is to be hoped that its monotony will be broken in time by judicious planting. However, it serves a very useful purpose that justified it until such time as the scheme is finally completed.” Architect and Engineer, page 38.

The northeast corner of the patio showing the arcade and one of the towers.

The viewpoint from the patio looking west into the vestibule.

Construction started on January 21, 1926 and the building finally opened on December 27, 1927. The final cost of the building was $1,337,365.39.

Bakewell wrote that the style of the building was Renaissance.

The building is located at 100 North Garfield and has a frontage of 374 feet. The wings are 238 feet deep. The building covers an entire city block. The main story and the wings are three stories in height. The dome rises to a height of 205 feet and is 52 feet in diameter.

Arthur Brown, Jr. attended the École des Beaux-Arts and graduated in 1901. Bakewell also attended the École and graduated in 1901. The two men must have know each other in Paris and reconnected in San Francisco. They became partners in 1905. The San Francisco earthquake in 1906 was a boon for their business and provided numerous commissions for the young firm including the Green Library at Stanford and the Palace of Horticulture at the Panama-Pacific International Exposition held in San Francisco in 1915.

Bakewell was born August 28, 1872 in Topeka, Kansas. He received a B.A. from the University of California in 1893 then was off to Paris. He served with the Red Cross in 1918-1919 in Lyons, France. He married Hazel King in 1922 when he was 50 years old. His home address was 855 Chestnut Street in San Francisco.

Brown was born on May 21, 1874 in Oakland, California. He received a B.S. in civil engineering from the University of California in 1896 and then attended the École. He married Jessamine Garrett in 1916, when he was 42 years old, and the couple had two daughters: Victoria and Sylvia. Brown lectured at Harvard in 1918 and was a professor of architectural theory at the University of California in 1918-1919. He was also a member of the architectural committee that oversaw the design of the Chicago World’s Fair in 1933.

According to SNAC Brown was the principal designer in the firm while Bakewell ran the office and attended to the finances. The firm’s office was located at 251 Kearny Street in San Francisco. The partnership continued until 1927. After the dissolution, Brown designed one other notable San Francisco landmark: Coit Tower.

Arthur Brown, Jr. died July 7, 1957. John Bakewell, Jr. died on February 19, 1963.

Arthur Brown, Jr. circa 1912. Courtesy Wikimedia Commons.

From left to right are John Bakewell, Jr., Arthur Brown, Jr., Jean-Louis Bourgeois and John Baur. Used with the permission of UC Berkeley.

Here’s another photo of Bakewell & Brown with Percy Young around the time Pasadena’s City Hall was constructed. Used with the permission of UC Berkeley.



Arthur Brown, Jr. photo from Wikimedia commons.

Ask bids for new city hall at Pasadena. (1925, November 25). Los Angeles Times, A10.

Ask bids to build city hall. (1925, September 28). Los Angeles Times, A8.

Bakewell, John, Jr. (1928, June). The Pasadena City Hall. Architect and Engineer, 93(3), 35-39 & 67, 69, 71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81-83.

Detwiler, J. B., (Ed.). (1929). Who’s who in California. San Francisco: Who’s Who Publishing Company.

Drawings for center chosen. (1924, March 29). Los Angeles Times, D8.

Ground breaking for new city hall. (1926, January 22). Pasadena Star-News.

Harper, F. (Ed.). (1913). Who’s who on the Pacific coast. Los Angeles: Harper Publishing Company.

John Bakewell, Jr., Arthur Brown, Jr., Jean-Louis Bourgeois, John Baur photo courtesy of UC Berkeley.

John Bakewell, Jr., Arthur Brown, Jr., and Percy Young photo courtesy of UC Berkeley.

Pasadena Public Library. Accessed on 2/7/2020 at,

Rasmussen, C. (2007, May 6). One of Pasadena’s architectural jewels gets a polishing. Los Angeles Times, VCB2.


Start city hall this fall. (1925, August 31). Los Angeles Times, 7.

Special thanks to Wei Zhang, a reference librarian at the Pasadena Public Library, who helped me track down when construction began.


My book from The History Press, Architects Who Built Southern California, was released on March 11, 2019. It’s 10 chapters with each chapter devoted to a different architect (or architectural firm) including: Harrison Albright, John Austin, Claud Beelman, Elmer Grey, Hudson & Munsell, A. C. Martin, Meyer & Holler, Julia Morgan, Morgan Walls & Clements and Alfred F. Rosenheim.

Library Book Events 2020

I have some library book events scheduled for this year. All deal with presentations regarding my book Architects Who Built Southern California.

My very cool book.


March 6, 2020

The West Hollywood Public Library

My presentation is from 7pm-8pm. It’s on a Friday night and being held in the community room.

The library is also having a reception following my presentation for an architectural exhibit concerning historic properties at 8pm-9pm upstairs.

The West Hollywood Public Library is located at 625 North San Vicente Boulevard. The architects were Steve Johnson and Jim Favaro.

The library is across from the Pacific Design Center so when you look out the windows you see this.

The library created this wonderful brochure for the event. You have to RSVP though. See the red box. There is free parking attached to the library and there will be a substantial amount of food at the reception.

The event went Great! This was the line before the event. Photo courtesy of the City of West Hollywood.

This was the crowd inside the event. YAY, a full house. Photo courtesy of the City of West Hollywood.

The start of my presentation. Photo courtesy of the City of West Hollywood.

Future WeHo library events!


March 19, 2020

The Los Feliz Public Library

It’s part of this library’s Architecture and Beyond series.

My presentation is from 6:30pm-7:30pm. It’s on a Thursday night.

I’ve gone to many of these presentations and they always get a good crowd.

The Los Feliz Public Library is located at 1874 Hillhurst Ave. in Los Angeles, California.

The library has a nice little patio in the back.

I’m so looking forward to this because I’ve been to many of the previous ones. They usually get a good crowd.

Oh, they also have my book in the display case. YAY!

The event was cancelled due to the Corona virus. 😦


August 22, 2020

The Woodland Hills Public Library: Platt Branch

My presentation is from 11am-12pm. It’s on a Saturday morning.

The Woodland Hills Platt library branch is located at 23600 Victory Blvd. in Woodland Hills, California.

There is a nice plaque at the entrance.

The event was cancelled due to the Covid virus. 😦


September 24, 2020

The Westwood Public Library

My presentation is from 6:30pm-7:30pm. It’s on a Thursday night.

The Westwood Public Library is located at 1246 Glendon Avenue in Westwood, California. Steven Ehrlich was the architect.

The library is only 15 years old. I thought it was built in the 1960s.

The event was cancelled due to the Covid virus. 😦


October 28, 2020

The Atwater Village Public Library

My presentation is from 4pm-5pm. It’s on a Wednesday afternoon.

The Atwater Village Public Library is located at 3379 Glendale Boulevard in Los Angeles, California.

The event was cancelled due to the Covid virus. 😦


My book from The History Press, Architects Who Built Southern California, was released on March 11, 2019. It’s 10 chapters with each chapter devoted to a different architect (or architectural firm) including: Harrison Albright, John Austin, Claud Beelman, Elmer Grey, Hudson & Munsell, A. C. Martin, Meyer & Holler, Julia Morgan, Morgan Walls & Clements and Alfred F. Rosenheim.

Flintridge Bookstore

The event at the Flintridge Bookstore was great.

It was a cold day and eventually it would rain!

The event took place on November 30, 2019 in conjunction with small business Saturday. It was a cold day and eventually it would rain!

There were lots of things going on that day. I like this group. They're called the....

There were lots of events going on at the bookstore that day. They had music and I like this group. They’re called the JNJ Band.

The La Canada Flintridge Choir.

These singers were from the La Canada High School Choral Music Department.

And other authors too.

There were other authors too. This is Shonda Buchanan and you can just see a part of Paula Finn in the bottom right corner.

The best part of the day was I got to spend two hours talking with Robert Inman who wrote the latest edition of An Architectural Guidebook to Los Angeles. The hours flew by. It was like we were old friends talking non-stop about architecture.

Me being advertised with “an appearance.” My ego inflated when I saw this. 🙂

Gail Mishkin organized the event and she was very kind to me. The Flintridge Bookstore is located at 1010 Foothill Blvd. in La Canada Flindridge, California.


My book from The History Press, Architects Who Built Southern California, was released on March 11, 2019. It’s 10 chapters with each chapter devoted to a different architect (or architectural firm) including: Harrison Albright, John Austin, Claud Beelman, Elmer Grey, Hudson & Munsell, A. C. Martin, Meyer & Holler, Julia Morgan, Morgan Walls & Clements and Alfred F. Rosenheim.


Stiles O. Clements

I was looking through a 1925 issue of Pacific Coast Architect and stumbled onto this. I like it because it’s at the beginning of Clement’s career and he has all his great work ahead of him.

I found this in Who’s Who in Los Angeles County 1930-1931.


My book from The History Press, Architects Who Built Southern California, was released on March 11, 2019. It’s 10 chapters with each chapter devoted to a different architect (or architectural firm) including: Harrison Albright, John Austin, Claud Beelman, Elmer Grey, Hudson & Munsell, A. C. Martin, Meyer & Holler, Julia Morgan, Morgan Walls & Clements and Alfred F. Rosenheim.

Flintridge Bookstore Event

I have an event regarding my book, Architects Who Built Southern California, at the end of the month. The flyer regarding the event is below.

It’s November 30, 2019.

I  won’t be giving a presentation. Instead, I’ll be sitting behind a table but there will be a live folk-pop-vocal band, a poetry reading and a Where’s Waldo contest. It all sounds very small town. Flintridge is between Burbank, California and Pasadena, California.


My book from The History Press, Architects Who Built Southern California, was released on March 11, 2019. It’s 10 chapters with each chapter devoted to a different architect (or architectural firm) including: Harrison Albright, John Austin, Claud Beelman, Elmer Grey, Hudson & Munsell, A. C. Martin, Meyer & Holler, Julia Morgan, Morgan Walls & Clements and Alfred F. Rosenheim.